Information on Organism Bacillus subtilis

TaxTree of Organism Bacillus subtilis
Condensed Tree View
Bacteria can be found in Brenda BRENDA pathways(superkingdom)
Firmicutes can be found in Brenda BRENDA pathways(phylum)
Bacilli can be found in Brenda BRENDA pathways(class)
Bacillus can be found in Brenda BRENDA pathways(genus)
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EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
deleted, the activty is included in EC 1.3.5.1, succinate dehydrogenase (quinone)
transferred to EC 1.3.8.7, medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, EC 1.3.8.8, long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and EC 1.3.8.9, very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
transferred to EC 1.7.1.1, nitrate reductase (NADH), EC 1.7.1.2, nitrate reductase [NAD(P)H], EC 1.7.1.3, nitrate reductase (NADPH), EC 1.7.5.1, nitrate reductase (quinone), EC 1.7.7.2, nitrate reductase (ferredoxin) and EC 1.9.6.1, nitrate reductase (cytochrome)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
deleted 2008. Now divided into EC 4.3.1.23 (tyrosine ammonia-lyase), EC 4.3.1.24 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) and EC 4.3.1.25 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
transferred to EC 5.4.2.11, EC 5.4.2.12. Now recognized as two separate enzymes EC 5.4.2.11, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-dependent) and EC 5.4.2.12, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-independent)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
transferred to EC 6.3.5.2
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(1,3)-beta-D-xylan degradation
-
-
(1,4)-beta-D-xylan degradation
-
-
(3R)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
(3S)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-docosapentaenoate biosynthesis (6-desaturase)
-
-
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis
(5Z)-dodecenoate biosynthesis I
-
-
(5Z)-dodecenoate biosynthesis II
-
-
(5Z)-icosenoate biosynthesis
-
-
(8E,10E)-dodeca-8,10-dienol biosynthesis
-
-
(aminomethyl)phosphonate degradation
-
-
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
(R)-cysteate degradation
-
-
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis
-
-
(R,R)-butanediol degradation
-
-
(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
-
-
(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II
-
-
(S,S)-butanediol biosynthesis
-
-
(S,S)-butanediol degradation
-
-
1,2-dichloroethane degradation
-
-
1,3-dimethylbenzene degradation to 3-methylbenzoate
-
-
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
1,4-dimethylbenzene degradation to 4-methylbenzoate
-
-
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation
-
-
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
10-cis-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (yeast)
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (MFE-dependent, yeast)
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
15-epi-lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis
-
-
2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl degradation
-
-
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate degradation
-
-
2,4-dinitrotoluene degradation
-
-
2,5-xylenol and 3,5-xylenol degradation
-
-
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate
-
-
2-amino-3-hydroxycyclopent-2-enone biosynthesis
-
-
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation I
-
-
2-aminophenol degradation
-
-
2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol biosynthesis
-
-
2-chloroacrylate degradation I
-
-
2-chlorobenzoate degradation
-
-
2-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation
-
-
2-deoxy-D-ribose degradation I
-
-
2-deoxy-D-ribose degradation II
-
-
2-hydroxypenta-2,4-dienoate degradation
-
-
2-methylcitrate cycle I
-
-
2-methylcitrate cycle II
-
-
2-methylpropene degradation
-
-
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I
-
-
2-nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
2-oxobutanoate degradation I
-
-
2-oxobutanoate degradation II
-
-
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA
-
-
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA
-
-
3,5-dimethoxytoluene biosynthesis
-
-
3,6-anhydro-alpha-L-galactopyranose degradation
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent)
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic)
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent)
-
-
3-chlorocatechol degradation
-
-
3-chlorocatechol degradation III (meta pathway)
-
-
3-chlorotoluene degradation II
-
-
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I
-
-
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis II (archaea)
-
-
3-dimethylallyl-4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
3-hydroxy-4-methyl-anthranilate biosynthesis I
-
-
3-hydroxy-4-methyl-anthranilate biosynthesis II
-
-
3-hydroxypropanoate cycle
-
-
3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanate cycle
-
-
3-methylarginine biosynthesis
-
-
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis
-
-
3-oxoadipate degradation
-
-
3-phenylpropionate degradation
-
-
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis
-
-
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis
-
-
4-amino-2-methyl-5-phosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis
-
-
4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate degradation
-
-
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation I
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation II
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation III
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation V
-
-
4-chlorobenzoate degradation
-
-
4-chloronitrobenzene degradation
-
-
4-coumarate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
4-deoxy-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronate degradation
-
-
4-ethylphenol degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis
-
-
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (bacteria)
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis III (plants)
-
-
4-hydroxymandelate degradation
-
-
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis
-
-
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage)
-
-
4-nitrophenol degradation I
-
-
4-nitrotoluene degradation II
-
-
4-oxopentanoate degradation
-
-
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I
-
-
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II
-
-
5-nitroanthranilate degradation
-
-
5-oxo-L-proline metabolism
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Chlamydia)
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (Plasmodium)
-
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6-methylpretetramide biosynthesis
-
-
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I
-
-
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II
-
-
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III
-
-
9-cis, 11-trans-octadecadienoyl-CoA degradation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
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-
ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 1 precursor disaccharide
-
-
ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 2 precursor disaccharide
-
-
abscisic acid biosynthesis
-
-
Ac/N-end rule pathway
-
-
Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
-
-
acetate and ATP formation from acetyl-CoA I
-
-
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA
-
-
acetate fermentation
-
-
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA)
-
-
acetoin degradation
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol)
-
-
acetyl CoA biosynthesis
-
-
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis II (NADP-dependent pyruvate dehydrogenase)
-
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acetyl-CoA fermentation to butanoate II
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acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
-
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acridone alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
acrylate degradation
-
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acrylonitrile degradation I
-
-
acrylonitrile degradation II
-
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actinomycin D biosynthesis
-
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acyl carrier protein activation
-
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acyl carrier protein metabolism
-
-
acyl-CoA hydrolysis
-
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adenine and adenosine salvage I
-
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adenine and adenosine salvage II
-
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adenine and adenosine salvage III
-
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adenine and adenosine salvage V
-
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adenine and adenosine salvage VI
-
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adenine salvage
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
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adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
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adipate degradation
-
-
adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis
-
-
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
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aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
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aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
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Aflatoxin biosynthesis
-
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agarose degradation
-
-
alanine metabolism
-
-
alanine racemization
-
-
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
-
-
aldoxime degradation
-
-
alginate degradation
-
-
alkane biosynthesis I
-
-
alkane oxidation
-
-
alkylnitronates degradation
-
-
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis
-
-
allantoin degradation
-
-
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I
-
-
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III
-
-
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing)
-
-
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing)
-
-
alpha-diglucosyldiacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
alpha-dystroglycan glycosylation
-
-
alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
-
-
alpha-tomatine degradation
-
-
Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis
-
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Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
-
-
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
-
-
Aminobenzoate degradation
-
-
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis
-
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ammonia assimilation cycle I
-
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ammonia assimilation cycle II
-
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ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
-
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ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers)
-
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amygdalin and prunasin degradation
-
-
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
-
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis I
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis II
-
-
anandamide lipoxygenation
-
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anapleurotic synthesis of oxalacetate
-
-
androgen and estrogen metabolism
-
-
androstenedione degradation
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling I
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling II
-
-
ansatrienin biosynthesis
-
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Arabinogalactan biosynthesis - Mycobacterium
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-
arachidonate biosynthesis
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis I (6-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase, lower eukaryotes)
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Arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
arachidonic acid metabolism
-
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archaetidylserine and archaetidylethanolamine biosynthesis
-
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Arg/N-end rule pathway (eukaryotic)
-
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Arginine and proline metabolism
-
-
Arginine biosynthesis
-
-
arginine dependent acid resistance
-
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arginine metabolism
-
-
aromatic glucosinolate activation
-
-
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria)
-
-
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis
-
-
arsenate detoxification I (mammalian)
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-
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin)
-
-
arsenate detoxification III (thioredoxin)
-
-
arsenate reduction (respiratory)
-
-
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory)
-
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arsonoacetate degradation
-
-
artemisinin and arteannuin B biosynthesis
-
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Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
-
-
ascorbate glutathione cycle
-
-
ascorbate metabolism
-
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ascorbate recycling (cytosolic)
-
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aspartate and asparagine metabolism
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
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assimilatory sulfate reduction I
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction II
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction III
-
-
ATP biosynthesis
-
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Atrazine degradation
-
-
atrazine degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
atromentin biosynthesis
-
-
autoinducer AI-1 biosynthesis
-
-
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I
-
-
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis II (Vibrio)
-
-
bacilysin biosynthesis
bacterial bioluminescence
-
-
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
-
-
base-degraded thiamine salvage
-
-
benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-beta-oxidative)
-
-
Benzoate degradation
-
-
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
beta-(1,4)-mannan degradation
-
-
beta-1,4-D-mannosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine degradation
-
-
beta-alanine biosynthesis I
-
-
beta-alanine biosynthesis III
-
-
beta-alanine degradation I
-
-
beta-alanine degradation II
-
-
beta-Alanine metabolism
-
-
beta-D-galactosaminyl-(1rarr3)-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine biosynthesis
-
-
beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
-
-
beta-methyl-branched fatty acid alpha-oxidation
-
-
Betalain biosynthesis
-
-
betanidin degradation
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis
-
-
Bifidobacterium shunt
-
-
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway
-
-
bile acids degradation
-
-
Biosynthesis of 12-, 14- and 16-membered macrolides
-
-
Biosynthesis of ansamycins
-
-
Biosynthesis of enediyne antibiotics
-
-
biosynthesis of Lewis epitopes (H. pylori)
-
-
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
-
-
Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
-
-
Biosynthesis of type II polyketide backbone
-
-
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 1
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 2
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 3
-
-
biotin biosynthesis
-
-
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I
-
-
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate II
-
-
Biotin metabolism
-
-
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly
-
-
bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Bisphenol degradation
-
-
bisucaberin biosynthesis
-
-
brassicicene C biosynthesis
-
-
bryostatin biosynthesis
-
-
bupropion degradation
-
-
butachlor degradation
-
-
butanoate fermentation
-
-
Butanoate metabolism
-
-
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis
-
-
C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
-
-
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
-
-
cadaverine biosynthesis
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis I
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine)
-
-
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation)
-
-
Caffeine metabolism
-
-
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
-
-
camalexin biosynthesis
-
-
canavanine biosynthesis
-
-
canavanine degradation
-
-
Caprolactam degradation
-
-
capsiconiate biosynthesis
-
-
Carbapenem biosynthesis
-
-
carbazole degradation
-
-
Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
-
-
Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
-
-
cardiolipin biosynthesis
-
-
cardiolipin biosynthesis I
-
-
cardiolipin biosynthesis II
-
-
cardiolipin biosynthesis III
-
-
Carotenoid biosynthesis
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate II
-
-
catechol degradation to beta-ketoadipate
-
-
CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-archaeol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III
-
-
cell-surface glycoconjugate-linked phosphocholine biosynthesis
-
-
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome)
-
-
cellulose biosynthesis
-
-
cellulose degradation
-
-
cellulose degradation II (fungi)
-
-
ceramide and sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast)
-
-
ceramide degradation (generic)
-
-
ceramide degradation by alpha-oxidation
-
-
chitin biosynthesis
-
-
chitin degradation I (archaea)
-
-
chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
-
-
chitin degradation III (Serratia)
-
-
chitin degradation to ethanol
-
-
chitin derivatives degradation
-
-
chitobiose degradation
-
-
chloramphenicol biosynthesis
-
-
chlorinated phenols degradation
-
-
Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
-
-
Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
-
-
chlorogenic acid degradation
-
-
chlorophyll metabolism
-
-
chlorosalicylate degradation
-
-
chlorpyrifos degradation
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase)
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase)
-
-
choline biosynthesis I
-
-
choline biosynthesis III
-
-
choline degradation I
-
-
choline degradation IV
-
-
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis (late stages)
-
-
chondroitin sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate
-
-
chorismate metabolism
-
-
cichoriin interconversion
-
-
cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis
-
-
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation
-
-
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis
cis-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
-
-
citrate lyase activation
-
-
citric acid cycle
-
-
CMP phosphorylation
-
-
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-8-amino-3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-KDO biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria)
-
-
CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
-
-
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
-
-
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion)
-
-
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation)
-
-
coenzyme A metabolism
-
-
coenzyme B biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme B/coenzyme M regeneration I (methanophenazine-dependent)
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis II
-
-
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (vertebrates)
-
-
conversion of succinate to propanoate
-
-
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate)
-
-
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
creatinine degradation
-
-
creatinine degradation I
-
-
creatinine degradation II
-
-
crocetin esters biosynthesis
-
-
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate)
-
-
crotonyl-CoA/ethylmalonyl-CoA/hydroxybutyryl-CoA cycle (engineered)
-
-
cuticular wax biosynthesis
-
-
cutin biosynthesis
-
-
Cutin, suberine and wax biosynthesis
-
-
cyanate degradation
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
-
-
cyanuric acid degradation I
-
-
cyanuric acid degradation II
-
-
cyclohexanol degradation
Cysteine and methionine metabolism
-
-
cysteine metabolism
-
-
D-Alanine metabolism
-
-
D-arabinose degradation I
-
-
D-arabinose degradation III
-
-
D-arabitol degradation
-
-
D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
-
-
D-cycloserine biosynthesis
-
-
D-fructuronate degradation
-
-
D-galactarate degradation II
-
-
D-galactosamine and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation
-
-
D-galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway)
-
-
D-galactose degradation II
-
-
D-galactose degradation IV
-
-
D-galactose detoxification
-
-
D-galacturonate degradation I
-
-
D-galacturonate degradation II
-
-
D-glucarate degradation I
-
-
D-glucarate degradation II
-
-
D-gluconate degradation
-
-
D-glucosaminate degradation
-
-
D-glucuronate degradation I
-
-
D-glucuronate degradation II
-
-
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
-
-
D-lactate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
D-mannose degradation
-
-
d-mannose degradation
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation
-
-
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism
-
-
D-serine degradation
-
-
D-sorbitol biosynthesis I
-
-
D-sorbitol degradation I
-
-
d-xylose degradation
-
-
D-xylose degradation I
-
-
D-xylose degradation III
-
-
D-xylose degradation IV
-
-
D-xylose degradation V
-
-
daphnin interconversion
-
-
degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
-
-
degradation of hexoses
-
-
degradation of pentoses
-
-
degradation of sugar acids
-
-
degradation of sugar alcohols
-
-
denitrification
-
-
dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
desferrioxamine B biosynthesis
-
-
desferrioxamine E biosynthesis
-
-
detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts
-
-
di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed)
-
-
diethylphosphate degradation
-
-
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia)
-
-
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis II (Spartina)
-
-
Dioxin degradation
-
-
dipicolinate biosynthesis
-
-
diploterol biosynthesis
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction I (to hydrogen sufide))
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction II (to thiosulfate)
-
-
Diterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
divinyl ether biosynthesis II
-
-
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
dopamine degradation
-
-
drosopterin and aurodrosopterin biosynthesis
-
-
Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
-
-
Drug metabolism - other enzymes
-
-
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-3-acetamido-alpha-D-fucose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-4-O-demethyl-beta-L-noviose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-6-deoxy-alpha-D-allose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-alpha-D-mycaminose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-beta-L-4-epi-vancosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-beta-L-digitoxose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-D-beta-fucofuranose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-D-forosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-D-olivose, dTDP-D-oliose and dTDP-D-mycarose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-D-ravidosamine and dTDP-4-acetyl-D-ravidosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-daunosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-megosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-mycarose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-olivose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-N-acetylthomosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-N-acetylviosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDPLrhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
ectoine biosynthesis
-
-
elloramycin biosynthesis
-
-
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
Entner Doudoroff pathway
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff shunt
-
-
ephedrine biosynthesis
-
-
ergosterol biosynthesis II
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis II
-
-
erythromycin D biosynthesis
-
-
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
Escherichia coli serotype O9a O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
ethanol degradation I
-
-
ethanol degradation II
-
-
ethanol degradation III
-
-
ethanol degradation IV
-
-
ethanol fermentation
-
-
ethanolamine utilization
-
-
Ether lipid metabolism
-
-
Ethylbenzene degradation
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes)
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes)
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered)
-
-
ethylene glycol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
ethylene glycol degradation
-
-
ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway
-
-
factor 430 biosynthesis
-
-
farnesene biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid alpha-oxidation I (plants)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation I (generic)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation II (plant peroxisome)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation IV (unsaturated, even number)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation VI (mammalian peroxisome)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation VII (yeast peroxisome)
-
-
Fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (bacteria and plants)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (plant mitochondria)
-
-
Fatty acid degradation
-
-
Fatty acid elongation
-
-
fatty acid elongation -- saturated
-
-
fatty acid salvage
-
-
Fe(II) oxidation
-
-
felinine and 3-methyl-3-sulfanylbutan-1-ol biosynthesis
-
-
FeMo cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
fermentation to 2-methylbutanoate
-
-
ferrichrome A biosynthesis
-
-
firefly bioluminescence
-
-
flavin biosynthesis
-
-
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis II (archaea)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis IV (mammalian)
-
-
Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
Flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum)
-
-
flavonoid di-C-glucosylation
-
-
flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis
-
-
fluoroacetate degradation
-
-
Fluorobenzoate degradation
-
-
Folate biosynthesis
-
-
folate polyglutamylation
folate transformations I
-
-
folate transformations II (plants)
-
-
folate transformations III (E. coli)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation I
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation IV (thiol-independent)
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation VII (THF pathway)
-
-
formate assimilation into 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate
-
-
formate oxidation to CO2
-
-
formate to nitrite electron transfer
-
-
fructan biosynthesis
-
-
fructan degradation
-
-
fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
Fructose and mannose metabolism
-
-
fructose degradation
-
-
fructoselysine and psicoselysine degradation
-
-
fumitremorgin biosynthesis
-
-
fumitremorgin C biosynthesis
-
-
fusicoccin A biosynthesis
-
-
GABA shunt
-
-
galactolipid biosynthesis I
-
-
Galactose metabolism
-
-
gallate biosynthesis
-
-
gallate degradation
-
-
gallate degradation III (anaerobic)
-
-
gamma-glutamyl cycle
-
-
gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation
-
-
GDP-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose)
-
-
GDP-mannose biosynthesis
-
-
gellan degradation
-
-
gentisate degradation I
-
-
geosmin biosynthesis
-
-
Geraniol degradation
-
-
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation)
-
-
ginsenoside metabolism
-
-
ginsenosides biosynthesis
-
-
gliotoxin biosynthesis
-
-
gluconeogenesis
-
-
gluconeogenesis I
-
-
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
-
-
gluconeogenesis III
-
-
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
-
-
glucose degradation (oxidative)
-
-
glucosinolate activation
-
-
Glucosinolate biosynthesis
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tyrosine
-
-
glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
glutamate and glutamine metabolism
-
-
glutamate removal from folates
-
-
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
-
-
glutaryl-CoA degradation
-
-
glutathione degradation (DUG pathway - yeast)
-
-
Glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification I
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification II
-
-
glutathione-peroxide redox reactions
-
-
glycerol degradation I
-
-
glycerol degradation II
-
-
glycerol degradation III
-
-
glycerol degradation to butanol
-
-
glycerol degradation V
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to hydrogen peroxide electron transport
-
-
Glycerolipid metabolism
-
-
glycerophosphodiester degradation
-
-
Glycerophospholipid metabolism
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria)
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis II (Gram-positive bacteria)
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis III (plants)
-
-
glycine betaine degradation I
-
-
glycine betaine degradation II (mammalian)
-
-
glycine biosynthesis I
-
-
glycine biosynthesis II
-
-
glycine biosynthesis III
-
-
glycine biosynthesis IV
-
-
glycine cleavage
-
-
glycine degradation (Stickland reaction)
-
-
glycine metabolism
-
-
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
-
-
glycocholate metabolism (bacteria)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
-
-
glycogen degradation I
-
-
glycogen degradation II
-
-
glycogen metabolism
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II
-
-
glycolysis
-
-
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
-
-
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis III (from glucose)
-
-
glycolysis IV (plant cytosol)
-
-
glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - chondroitin sulfate / dermatan sulfate
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - heparan sulfate / heparin
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - keratan sulfate
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan degradation
-
-
glycosaminoglycan-protein linkage region biosynthesis
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - lacto and neolacto series
-
-
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis
-
-
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
-
-
glyoxylate assimilation
-
-
glyoxylate cycle
-
-
glyphosate degradation II
-
-
glyphosate degradation III
-
-
gondoate biosynthesis (anaerobic)
-
-
grixazone biosynthesis
-
-
guaiacol biosynthesis
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage II
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage III
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation III
-
-
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
heme a biosynthesis
-
-
heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis II (oxygen-independent)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis IV (Gram-positive bacteria)
-
-
heme degradation I
-
-
heme metabolism
-
-
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages)
-
-
heptadecane biosynthesis
-
-
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
heterolactic fermentation
-
-
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
histamine degradation
-
-
Histidine metabolism
-
-
histidine metabolism
-
-
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion
-
-
hopanoid biosynthesis (bacteria)
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
hydrogen oxidation I (aerobic)
-
-
hydrogen oxidation II (aerobic, NAD)
-
-
hydrogen production
-
-
hydrogen production II
-
-
hydrogen production III
-
-
hydrogen production VI
-
-
hydrogen production VIII
-
-
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
hydrogen to fumarate electron transfer
-
-
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage
-
-
hypoglycin biosynthesis
-
-
hypotaurine degradation
-
-
i antigen and I antigen biosynthesis
-
-
IAA biosynthesis
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (8-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
incomplete reductive TCA cycle
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (herbivore attack)
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi)
-
-
inosine 5'-phosphate degradation
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis III
-
-
Inositol phosphate metabolism
-
-
Insect hormone biosynthesis
-
-
iota-carrageenan degradation
-
-
ipsdienol biosynthesis
-
-
isoleucine metabolism
-
-
isopenicillin N biosynthesis
-
-
isoprene biosynthesis I
-
-
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered)
-
-
isoprenoid biosynthesis
-
-
isopropanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
itaconate degradation
-
-
jadomycin biosynthesis
-
-
jasmonic acid biosynthesis
-
-
justicidin B biosynthesis
-
-
kanamycin biosynthesis
-
-
kanosamine biosynthesis II
ketogenesis
-
-
ketogluconate metabolism
-
-
ketolysis
-
-
kojibiose degradation
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-alanine degradation I
-
-
L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
-
-
L-alanine degradation III
-
-
L-alanine degradation IV
-
-
L-arabinose degradation I
-
-
L-arabinose degradation II
-
-
L-arabinose degradation III
-
-
L-arabinose degradation IV
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria)
-
-
L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (L-galactose pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation I (bacterial, anaerobic)
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic)
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation III
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation V
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-asparagine degradation I
-
-
L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
-
-
L-aspartate biosynthesis
-
-
L-aspartate degradation I
-
-
L-carnitine degradation III
-
-
L-citrulline biosynthesis
-
-
L-citrulline degradation
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis IX (Trichomonas vaginalis)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VII (from S-sulfo-L-cysteine)
-
-
L-cysteine degradation I
-
-
L-cysteine degradation II
-
-
L-dopa and L-dopachrome biosynthesis
-
-
L-dopa degradation
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis II
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis III
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-glutamate degradation I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation II
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IV
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation X
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-glutamine degradation I
-
-
L-glutamine degradation II
-
-
L-histidine biosynthesis
-
-
L-histidine degradation I
-
-
L-histidine degradation II
-
-
L-histidine degradation III
-
-
L-histidine degradation VI
-
-
L-homoserine biosynthesis
-
-
L-idonate degradation
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine)
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation I
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation II
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation (aerobic)
-
-
L-leucine biosynthesis
-
-
L-leucine degradation I
-
-
L-leucine degradation III
-
-
L-leucine degradation IV (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis V
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis VI
-
-
L-lysine degradation I
-
-
L-lysine degradation II (L-pipecolate pathway)
-
-
L-lysine degradation V
-
-
L-lysine degradation VII
-
-
L-lysine degradation X
-
-
L-lysine degradation XI (mammalian)
-
-
L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate
-
-
L-lyxonate degradation
-
-
L-lyxose degradation
-
-
L-malate degradation II
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis II (plants)
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis IV (archaea)
-
-
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-methionine degradation II
-
-
L-methionine degradation III
-
-
L-methionine salvage cycle II (plants)
-
-
L-methionine salvage from L-homocysteine
-
-
L-Ndelta-acetylornithine biosynthesis
-
-
L-nicotianamine biosynthesis
-
-
L-ornithine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-ornithine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-ornithine degradation I (L-proline biosynthesis)
-
-
L-ornithine degradation II (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis III (cytosolic, plants)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation III
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation V
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation VI (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis I (from L-glutamate)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis III (from L-ornithine)
-
-
L-proline degradation
-
-
L-rhamnose degradation I
-
-
L-rhamnose degradation II
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes)
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-serine degradation
-
-
L-threonine biosynthesis
-
-
L-threonine degradation I
-
-
L-threonine degradation II
-
-
L-threonine degradation IV
-
-
L-threonine degradation V
-
-
L-tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation II (via pyruvate)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine)
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation I
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation II
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation III
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation V (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-valine biosynthesis
-
-
L-valine degradation I
-
-
L-valine degradation II
-
-
lactate biosynthesis (archaea)
-
-
lactate fermentation
-
-
lactose and galactose degradation I
-
-
lactose degradation II
-
-
lactose degradation III
-
-
lanosterol biosynthesis
-
-
leucine metabolism
-
-
leukotriene biosynthesis
-
-
Limonene and pinene degradation
-
-
limonene degradation IV (anaerobic)
-
-
linalool biosynthesis I
-
-
linamarin degradation
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
Linoleic acid metabolism
-
-
linustatin bioactivation
-
-
lipid A biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
-
-
lipid metabolism
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus)
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation IV (yeast)
-
-
lipoate salvage II
-
-
Lipoic acid metabolism
-
-
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
lipoprotein posttranslational modification
-
-
lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
-
-
lotaustralin degradation
-
-
lupanine biosynthesis
-
-
lupulone and humulone biosynthesis
-
-
luteolin triglucuronide degradation
-
-
Lysine biosynthesis
-
-
Lysine degradation
-
-
lysine metabolism
-
-
m-cresol degradation
-
-
malate/L-aspartate shuttle pathway
-
-
maltose degradation
-
-
manganese oxidation I
-
-
mannitol biosynthesis
-
-
mannitol cycle
-
-
mannitol degradation I
-
-
mannitol degradation II
-
-
Mannose type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
matairesinol biosynthesis
-
-
melatonin degradation I
-
-
melibiose degradation
-
-
menaquinol-10 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-11 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-12 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-13 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-4 biosynthesis I
-
-
menaquinol-4 biosynthesis II
-
-
menaquinol-6 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-7 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-8 biosynthesis
-
-
menaquinol-9 biosynthesis
-
-
Metabolic pathways
-
-
metabolism of amino sugars and derivatives
-
-
metabolism of disaccharids
-
-
Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
-
-
Methane metabolism
-
-
methane metabolism
-
-
methane oxidation to methanol I
-
-
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
-
methanofuran biosynthesis
-
-
methanogenesis from acetate
-
-
methanogenesis from CO2
-
-
methanogenesis from H2 and CO2
-
-
methanol oxidation to carbon dioxide
-
-
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde II
-
-
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
-
-
methionine metabolism
-
-
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
-
-
methyl ketone biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
methyl parathion degradation
-
-
methyl phomopsenoate biosynthesis
-
-
methyl tert-butyl ether degradation
-
-
methylaspartate cycle
-
-
methylerythritol phosphate pathway I
-
-
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation I
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation V
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation VII
-
-
methylsalicylate degradation
-
-
mevalonate degradation
-
-
mevalonate metabolism
-
-
mevalonate pathway I
-
-
mevalonate pathway II (archaea)
-
-
mevalonate pathway III (archaea)
-
-
Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
-
-
mixed acid fermentation
-
-
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
mono-trans, poly-cis decaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast)
-
-
Monobactam biosynthesis
-
-
Monoterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
mRNA capping I
-
-
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation
-
-
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation
-
-
Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
mupirocin biosynthesis
-
-
muropeptide degradation
-
-
mycolate biosynthesis
-
-
mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis
-
-
myo-, chiro- and scyllo-inositol degradation
-
-
myo-inositol biosynthesis
myo-inositol degradation I
-
-
myo-inositol degradation II
-
-
myristate biosynthesis (mitochondria)
-
-
N-3-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoate biosynthesis
-
-
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation
-
-
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I
-
-
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation I
-
-
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation II
-
-
N-Glycan biosynthesis
-
-
N-methyl-Delta1-pyrrolinium cation biosynthesis
-
-
N6-L-threonylcarbamoyladenosine37-modified tRNA biosynthesis
-
-
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde
-
-
NAD biosynthesis III (from nicotinamide)
-
-
NAD de novo biosynthesis I (from aspartate)
-
-
NAD metabolism
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and transhydrogenation
-
-
NAD salvage pathway I (PNC VI cycle)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway II (PNC IV cycle)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway III (to nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway IV (from nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway V (PNC V cycle)
-
-
NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast)
-
-
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast)
-
-
NADH repair
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer II
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer II
-
-
NADH to fumarate electron transfer
-
-
Naphthalene degradation
-
-
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
neolinustatin bioactivation
-
-
Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
-
-
Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
-
-
nicotine biosynthesis
-
-
nicotine degradation I (pyridine pathway)
-
-
nicotine degradation III (VPP pathway)
-
-
nicotine degradation IV
-
-
nicotine degradation V
-
-
nitrate assimilation
-
-
nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction IV (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VI (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VIIIb (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction X (dissimilatory, periplasmic)
-
-
nitric oxide biosynthesis II (mammals)
-
-
nitrifier denitrification
-
-
nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
-
-
nitroethane degradation
-
-
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
-
-
Nitrogen metabolism
-
-
Nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
nocardicin A biosynthesis
-
-
non-pathway related
-
-
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
-
-
norspermidine biosynthesis
-
-
Novobiocin biosynthesis
-
-
nucleoside and nucleotide degradation (archaea)
-
-
O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
o-diquinones biosynthesis
-
-
octane oxidation
octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast)
-
-
octopamine biosynthesis
-
-
oleandomycin activation/inactivation
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (thioesterase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis IV (anaerobic)
-
-
One carbon pool by folate
-
-
ophiobolin F biosynthesis
-
-
orthanilate degradation
-
-
Other glycan degradation
-
-
Other types of O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
oxalate degradation III
-
-
oxalate degradation IV
-
-
oxalate degradation V
-
-
oxalate degradation VI
-
-
oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
-
-
Oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
p-HBAD biosynthesis
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plant cytoplasm)
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis I (from (5Z)-dodec-5-enoate)
-
-
palmitoyl ethanolamide biosynthesis
-
-
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
-
-
pantothenate biosynthesis
-
-
paraoxon degradation
-
-
parathion degradation
-
-
paromamine biosynthesis I
-
-
paromamine biosynthesis II
-
-
partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
-
-
paspaline biosynthesis
-
-
patulin biosynthesis
-
-
pectin degradation I
-
-
pectin degradation II
-
-
pederin biosynthesis
-
-
Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
-
-
penicillin G and penicillin V biosynthesis
-
-
pentachlorophenol degradation
-
-
Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
-
-
Pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) II
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (partial)
-
-
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis III (mycobacteria)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis V (beta-lactam resistance)
-
-
peptidoglycan maturation (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
petrobactin biosynthesis
-
-
petroselinate biosynthesis
-
-
Phenazine biosynthesis
-
-
phenazine-1-carboxylate biosynthesis
-
-
phenol degradation
-
-
phenol degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis
-
-
phenolphthiocerol biosynthesis
-
-
phenylacetate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
phenylacetate degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
Phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
phenylethanol biosynthesis
-
-
phenylmercury acetate degradation
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions
-
-
pheomelanin biosynthesis
-
-
phloridzin biosynthesis
-
-
phosalacine biosynthesis
-
-
phosphate acquisition
-
-
phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule
-
-
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis III
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis IV
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VI
-
-
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine bioynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic)
-
-
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic)
-
-
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis II (eukaryotes)
-
-
phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphinothricin tripeptide biosynthesis
-
-
phospholipases
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
-
-
Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis III (archaebacteria)
-
-
photorespiration
-
-
Photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis light reactions
-
-
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phthiocerol biosynthesis
-
-
phytate degradation I
-
-
phytol degradation
-
-
pinoresinol degradation
-
-
plasmalogen biosynthesis
-
-
plasmalogen degradation
-
-
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I
-
-
plaunotol biosynthesis
-
-
poly(3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-N-acetylgalactosamine 1-phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis
-
-
poly(glycerol phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis
-
-
poly(ribitol phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis I (B. subtilis)
-
-
poly(ribitol phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis II (S. aureus)
-
-
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis
-
-
polyamine pathway
-
-
polybrominated dihydroxylated diphenyl ethers biosynthesis
-
-
polybrominated phenols biosynthesis
-
-
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
-
-
polyethylene terephthalate degradation
-
-
polyhydroxybutanoate biosynthesis
-
-
Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
-
-
ponciretin biosynthesis
-
-
porphyran degradation
-
-
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
-
-
ppGpp biosynthesis
-
-
ppGpp metabolism
-
-
preQ0 biosynthesis
-
-
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
-
-
proline metabolism
-
-
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
Propanoate metabolism
-
-
propanol degradation
-
-
propanoyl CoA degradation I
-
-
propanoyl-CoA degradation II
-
-
propionate fermentation
-
-
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation
-
-
protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
-
-
protein SAMPylation and SAMP-mediated thiolation
-
-
protein ubiquitination
-
-
protocatechuate degradation II (ortho-cleavage pathway)
-
-
protocatechuate degradation III (para-cleavage pathway)
-
-
PRPP biosynthesis
-
-
prunasin and amygdalin biosynthesis
-
-
pseudouridine degradation
-
-
pulcherrimin biosynthesis
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation II
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
Purine metabolism
-
-
purine metabolism
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
purine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis I
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis II
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis III
-
-
putrescine degradation III
-
-
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants)
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants)
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis IV
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation
-
-
Pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
-
-
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-acetoin
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetone
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to opines
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
-
-
Pyruvate metabolism
-
-
pyruvate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
-
-
pyruvate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis I (de novo)
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis III (queuosine salvage)
-
-
quinate degradation I
-
-
quinate degradation II
-
-
reactive oxygen species degradation
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway I (homoacetogenic bacteria)
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway II (autotrophic methanogens)
-
-
reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle
-
-
reductive TCA cycle I
-
-
reductive TCA cycle II
-
-
resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
retinol biosynthesis
-
-
Retinol metabolism
-
-
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation II (bacteria)
-
-
Riboflavin metabolism
-
-
ribose phosphorylation
-
-
ribulose monophosphate pathway
-
-
ricinoleate biosynthesis
-
-
roseoflavin biosynthesis
-
-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
Rubisco shunt
-
-
rutin biosynthesis
-
-
rutin degradation
-
-
rutin degradation (plants)
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation IV
-
-
S-methyl-5-thio-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation I
-
-
S-methyl-5-thio-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation II
-
-
salicin biosynthesis
-
-
salicortin biosynthesis
-
-
salicylate biosynthesis I
-
-
salicylate degradation I
-
-
salidroside biosynthesis
-
-
salinosporamide A biosynthesis
-
-
Secondary bile acid biosynthesis
-
-
selenate reduction
-
-
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
Selenocompound metabolism
-
-
selenocysteine biosynthesis
-
-
serine metabolism
-
-
serotonin degradation
-
-
sesamin biosynthesis
-
-
Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
siroheme biosynthesis
-
-
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione
-
-
sophorosyloxydocosanoate deacetylation
-
-
sorbitol biosynthesis II
-
-
sorgoleone biosynthesis
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis II
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis III
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation I
-
-
spermine biosynthesis
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals)
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
Sphingolipid metabolism
-
-
sphingomyelin metabolism
-
-
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism
-
-
sphingosine metabolism
-
-
Spodoptera littoralis pheromone biosynthesis
-
-
spongiadioxin C biosynthesis
-
-
sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis
-
-
stachyose degradation
-
-
Starch and sucrose metabolism
-
-
starch biosynthesis
-
-
starch degradation
-
-
starch degradation I
-
-
starch degradation II
-
-
starch degradation III
-
-
starch degradation IV
-
-
starch degradation V
-
-
Staurosporine biosynthesis
-
-
stearate biosynthesis I (animals)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
stellatic acid biosynthesis
-
-
Steroid biosynthesis
-
-
Steroid degradation
-
-
Steroid hormone biosynthesis
-
-
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast)
-
-
stigma estolide biosynthesis
-
-
streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
Streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
Styrene degradation
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
succinate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis II
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis III
-
-
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
-
-
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
-
-
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
-
-
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)