Information on EC - threonine ammonia-lyase

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EC Tree
     4 Lyases
         4.3 Carbon-nitrogen lyases
             4.3.1 Ammonia-lyases
       threonine ammonia-lyase
IUBMB Comments
Most enzymes that catalyse this reaction are pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent, although some enzymes contain an iron-sulfur cluster instead. The reaction catalysed by both types of enzymes involves the initial elimination of water to form an enamine intermediate (hence the enzyme's original classification as EC, threonine dehydratase), followed by tautomerization to an imine form and hydrolysis of the C-N bond [3,5]. The latter reaction, which can occur spontaneously, is also be catalysed by EC, 2-iminobutanoate/2-iminopropanoate deaminase . The enzymes from a number of sources also act on L-serine, cf. EC, L-serine ammonia-lyase.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Reaction Schemes
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BsBTD1, CgBTD1, CgCTD, EC, EcBTD2, EcCTD, FgIlv1, GSU0486, ilvA, L-TD, more
2-aminobut-2-enoate = 2-iminobutanoate
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(1b), spontaneous
2-iminobutanoate + H2O = 2-oxobutanoate + NH3
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(1c), spontaneous
L-threonine = 2-aminobut-2-enoate + H2O
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L-threonine = 2-oxobutanoate + NH3
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