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Information on EC 1.1.1.284 - S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase

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IUBMB Comments
The substrate, S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione, forms spontaneously from glutathione and formaldehyde; its rate of formation is increased in some bacteria by the presence of EC 4.4.1.22, S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione synthase. This enzyme forms part of the pathway that detoxifies formaldehyde, since the product is hydrolysed by EC 3.1.2.12, S-formylglutathione hydrolase. The human enzyme belongs to the family of zinc-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases. Also specifically reduces S-nitrosylglutathione.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Synonyms
ADH III, ADH3, AdhC, alcohol dehydrogenase 3, alcohol dehydrogenase class III, Alcohol dehydrogenase SFA, AN7632.2, c-ADH, carbonyl reductase 1, CBR1, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione + NAD(P)+ = S-formylglutathione + NAD(P)H + H+
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