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Information on EC - aldehyde oxygenase (deformylating)

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC4.1.99.5
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EC Tree
     4 Lyases
         4.1 Carbon-carbon lyases
             4.1.99 Other carbon-carbon lyases
       aldehyde oxygenase (deformylating)
IUBMB Comments
Contains a diiron center. Involved in the biosynthesis of alkanes. The enzyme from the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme PCC 73102 is only active in vitro in the presence of ferredoxin, ferredoxin reductase and NADPH, and produces mostly C15 and C17 alkanes [2,3]. The enzyme from pea (Pisum sativum) produces alkanes of chain length C18 to C32 and is inhibited by metal-chelating agents . The substrate for this enzyme is formed by EC, acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] reductase.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Reaction Schemes
ADO, aldehyde decarbonylase, aldehyde deformylase, aldehyde deformylating oxygenase, aldehyde-deformylating oxygenase, CAD, cADO, cADO-1593, cyanobacterial ADO, cyanobacterial aldehyde decarbonylase, more
a long-chain aldehyde + O2 + 2 NADPH + 2 H+ = an alkane + formate + H2O + 2 NADP+
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