EC Explorer

EC 4.3.1.17 Details
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EC number
4.3.1.17
Accepted name
L-serine ammonia-lyase
Reaction
L-serine = pyruvate + NH3 (overall reaction);;(1a) L-serine = 2-aminoprop-2-enoate + H2O;;(1b) 2-aminoprop-2-enoate = 2-iminopropanoate (spontaneous);;(1c) 2-iminopropanoate + H2O = pyruvate + NH3 (spontaneous)
Other name(s)
serine deaminase, L-hydroxyaminoacid dehydratase, L-serine deaminase, L-serine dehydratase, L-serine hydro-lyase (deaminating)
Systematic name
L-serine ammonia-lyase (pyruvate-forming)
CAS registry number
9014-27-1
Comment
Most enzymes that catalyse this reaction are pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent, although some enzymes contain an iron-sulfur cluster instead [6]. The reaction catalysed by both types of enzymes involves the initial elimination of water to form an enamine intermediate (hence the enzyme’s original classification as EC 4.2.1.13, L-serine dehydratase), followed by tautomerization to an imine form and hydrolysis of the C-N bond. The latter reaction, which can occur spontaneously, is also be catalysed by EC 3.5.99.10, 2-iminobutanoate/2-iminopropanoate deaminase. This reaction is also carried out by EC 4.3.1.19, threonine ammonia-lyase, from a number of sources.
History
created 1961 as EC 4.2.1.13, transferred 2001 to EC 4.3.1.17, modified 2014
EC Browser
1 Oxidoreductases (9651 organisms) download 3869963 sequences with EC number 1 in fasta format download 3869963 sequences with EC number 1 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 1) as tabstop separated file
2 Transferases (6622 organisms) download 6047191 sequences with EC number 2 in fasta format download 6047191 sequences with EC number 2 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 2) as tabstop separated file
3 Hydrolases (10604 organisms) download 3219244 sequences with EC number 3 in fasta format download 3219244 sequences with EC number 3 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 3) as tabstop separated file
4 Lyases (5111 organisms) download 1852335 sequences with EC number 4 in fasta format download 1852335 sequences with EC number 4 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4) as tabstop separated file
4.1 Carbon-carbon lyases (2540 organisms) download 662281 sequences with EC number 4.1 in fasta format download 662281 sequences with EC number 4.1 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.1) as tabstop separated file
4.2 Carbon-oxygen lyases (2350 organisms) download 798243 sequences with EC number 4.2 in fasta format download 798243 sequences with EC number 4.2 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.2) as tabstop separated file
4.3.1 Ammonia-lyases (406 organisms) download 80996 sequences with EC number 4.3.1 in fasta format download 80996 sequences with EC number 4.3.1 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.3.1) as tabstop separated file
4.3.1.8 created 1972, modified 1982, modified 1989, deleted 2003 show the reaction
4.3.1.21 created 1965 as EC 4.2.1.26, transferred 2002 to EC 4.3.1.21, deleted 2004 show the reaction
4.3.2 Amidine-lyases (89 organisms) download 109264 sequences with EC number 4.3.2 in fasta format download 109264 sequences with EC number 4.3.2 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.3.2) as tabstop separated file
4.3.3 Amine-lyases (105 organisms) download 49452 sequences with EC number 4.3.3 in fasta format download 49452 sequences with EC number 4.3.3 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.3.3) as tabstop separated file
4.4 Carbon-sulfur lyases (596 organisms) download 40626 sequences with EC number 4.4 in fasta format download 40626 sequences with EC number 4.4 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.4) as tabstop separated file
4.99 Other lyases (136 organisms) download 33997 sequences with EC number 4.99 in fasta format download 33997 sequences with EC number 4.99 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4.99) as tabstop separated file
5 Isomerases (2083 organisms) download 1146532 sequences with EC number 5 in fasta format download 1146532 sequences with EC number 5 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 5) as tabstop separated file
6 Ligases (1547 organisms) download 1713431 sequences with EC number 6 in fasta format download 1713431 sequences with EC number 6 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 6) as tabstop separated file
7 Translocases (966 organisms) download 592568 sequences with EC number 7 in fasta format download 592568 sequences with EC number 7 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 7) as tabstop separated file