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Search term: xylem

Results 1 - 100 of 102 > >>
EC Number
Source Tissue
Commentary
Reference
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
-
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
all CAD genes expressed, but at different levels. CAD4 and CAD10 are strongly expressed in xylem, with CAD10 more expressed. CAD4 and CAD10 are 100 times more highly expressed than the other CAD genes. Very low expression of CAD7. CAD9 is preferentially expressed in leaves and xylem
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
differentiating tissue
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
LtuCAD1 has the highest expression level in xylem
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
secondary
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
the native CAD gene is preferentially expressed in differentiating xylem both in stems and roots
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase
young, immunogold-electron microscopy of mature stems
UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase
differentiating
shikimate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
-
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase
-
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
parenchymal cell vessel
glyoxylate reductase (NADP+)
-
laccase
-
aliphatic glucosinolate S-oxygenase
-
(E)-2-methylbutanal oxime monooxygenase
uridine diphosphate glycosyltransferases UGT85K4 and UGT85K5 are co-expressed with CYP79D1 and CYP71E7 paralogs, which catalyze earlier steps in cyanogenic glucoside synthesis, in the cortex, xylem and phloem parenchyma, and in specific cells in the endodermis of the petiole of the first unfolded leaf
trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase
-
trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase
cell undergoing lignification
trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase
differentiating
trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase
highest level of activity
primary-amine oxidase
-
diamine oxidase
-
glycine dehydrogenase (aminomethyl-transferring)
highest expression
caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase
-
caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase
secondary xylem during seasonal development
cycloartenol 24-C-methyltransferase
-
putrescine N-methyltransferase
-
caffeate O-methyltransferase
developing secondary xylem
caffeate O-methyltransferase
mainly found in
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase
-
tyramine N-feruloyltransferase
-
cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
-
cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
developing
cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
long, cylindrical cells, movement of the cellulose synthase complexes beneath the nascent secondary wall in developing xylem vessels, quantitative analysis, overview
cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
of eucalyptus undergoing secondary cell wall biosynthesis
sucrose synthase
activity of sucrose synthase and the content of starch in the xylem and phloem of the two birch varieties, 40-year-old trees, and 8-year-old trees of Betula carelica, overview
sucrose synthase
high expression enzyme level
xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase
-
xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase
developing, at least 16 Populus XTH genes are expressed in developing wood. Five genes are highly and ubiquitously expressed, whereas PtxtXET16-34 is expressed more weakly but specifically in developing wood
xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase
primary- and secondary-walled xylem tissues
xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase
XET activity in xylem and phloem fibers at the stage of secondary wall formation, PttXET16A
glucomannan 4-beta-mannosyltransferase
differentiated and differentiating cells
phlorizin synthase
-
1,4-beta-D-xylan synthase
developing
1,4-beta-D-xylan synthase
differentiated
1,4-beta-D-xylan synthase
differentiating
dimethylallyltranstransferase
of sapling
adenylate dimethylallyltransferase (ADP/ATP-dependent)
-
glutathione transferase
-
geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase
of sapling
nicotianamine synthase
low enzyme levels
thermospermine synthase
in the hypocotyl as well as in the inflorescence stem, ACL5 is expressed not just broadly with respect to vasculature, but specifically in the xylem vessel elements at a strictly defined developmental stage, suggesting direct involvement of ACL5 in xylem vessel differentiation. The acl5 mutant displays severe overall inhibition of the secondary growth of the vascular tissues, dramatic alteration in the morphology of the vessel elements and complete lack of xylem fibers
thermospermine synthase
the enzyme is expressed specifically in early developing xylem vessel elements
hexokinase
parenchym
adenosine kinase
high enzyme activity
fructokinase
-
fructokinase
expressed in phloem companion cells of both internal and external phloem
fructokinase
SlFRK3 is expressed mainly in the cambium and newly differentiating xylem cells
mitogen-activated protein kinase
primary and secondary xylem
nucleoside-diphosphate kinase
pole pericycle
pectinesterase
-
glycerol-2-phosphatase
-
phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase
-
phosphoenolpyruvate phosphatase
-
coniferin beta-glucosidase
-
coniferin beta-glucosidase
exclusive presence in the differentiating xylem
coniferin beta-glucosidase
lignifying
xyloglucan-specific endo-beta-1,4-glucanase
several abundant XTH genes are generally up-regulated during tension formation, including XTH16-36, -21, -14 and -27, while others were suppressed such as XTH16-35. In mature gelatinous fibers, enzyme gene products are detected in the gelatinous layers while the enzyme's endo-transglycosylase activity is found in the adjacent S2 wall layer. Enzyme gene products and activity persist in mature gelatinous fibers for several years
beta-fructofuranosidase
-
adenosylhomocysteinase
high expression
UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase
-
UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase
activity decreases from cambium to xylem
UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase
differentiated and differentiating
UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase
highest expression of isoform UXS3 in immature xylem
UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase
increase in activity at the final stage of differentiation of cambium to xylem
pectate lyase
most of the pectate lyase-like PL1 genes from subgroups Ia and Ib are highly expressed in xylem
tricyclene synthase
transcriptome analysis of secondary xylem, overview
(+)-car-3-ene synthase
highest enzymic activity
abieta-7,13-diene synthase
-
(4S)-beta-phellandrene synthase (geranyl-diphosphate-cyclizing)
of 2-year-old Pinus contorta
exo-alpha-bergamotene synthase
-
alpha-santalene synthase
-
beta-santalene synthase
-
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
-
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
diffenrentiating secondary xylem
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
differentating
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
xylem ray parenchymal cells
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase
-
UDP-glucose 4-epimerase
-
UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase
activity decreases from cambium to xylem
UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase
activity is slightly greater in xylem than in cambium
UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase
at the final stage of the differentiation of cambium to xylem there is a decrease in activity
UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase
differentiating and differentiated
UDP-glucuronate 4-epimerase
differentiated and differentiating cells, enzyme activity decreases during the differentiation of cambial cells to xylem
acetate-CoA ligase
-
4-coumarate-CoA ligase
-
4-coumarate-CoA ligase
3 isoenzymes present
4-coumarate-CoA ligase
4CL2 is the major isoform in developing xylem extract, 4CL3 is a very minor one
4-coumarate-CoA ligase
differentiating
4-coumarate-CoA ligase
highest expression of isoform 4CL3
Results 1 - 100 of 102 > >>