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EC Number
General Information
physiological function
Bx7 is required for biosynthesis of the benzoxazinoid pesticide 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one, i.e. DIMBOA, that is synthesized in seedlings and stored as glucoside in maize
Bx7 catalyzes the last step in benzoxazinoid biosynthesis of maize
the enzyme is involved in benzoxazinoid formation in maize, overview. A 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase (BX13, UniProt ID A0A1P8SET2) catalyzes the conversion of 2-(2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one)-beta-D-glucopyranose (DIMBOA-Glc) into a benzoxazinoid intermediate, 2-(2,4,7-trihydroxy-8-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one)-beta-D-glucopyranose (TRIMBOA-Glc), by an uncommon reaction involving hydroxylation and a likely ortho-rearrangement of a methoxy group. TRIMBOA-Glc is then converted to 2-(2,4-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one)-beta-D-glucopyranose (DIM2BOA-Glc) by an O-methyltransferase BX7. Furthermore, an O-methyltransferase BX14 (UniProt ID A0A1P8SEU3) converts DIM2BOA-Glc to 2-(2-hydroxy-4,7,8-trimethoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one)-beta-D-glucopyranose (HDM2BOA-Glc). HDM2BOA-Glc is known to be induced by biotic stresses such as pathogen infestation and insect feeding. The inducibility of HDM2BOA-Glc is associated with a stronger induction of genes Bx13 and Bx14. DIM2BOA-Glc and HDM2BOA-Glc specifically increase plant resistance against aphids
gene Bx7 is part of a small gene family consisting of 15 members with higher sequence similarity to each other (62 to 99%), BX7 shows high similarity to BX14
Results 1 - 4 of 4