Information on Organism Escherichia coli K-12

TaxTree of Organism Escherichia coli K-12
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PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis
(5Z)-dodecenoate biosynthesis I
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(5Z)-dodecenoate biosynthesis II
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(aminomethyl)phosphonate degradation
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(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
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(R)-cysteate degradation
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(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis
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(R,R)-butanediol degradation
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(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
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(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
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(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I
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(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II
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1,2-dichloroethane degradation
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1,2-propanediol biosynthesis from lactate (engineered)
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1,3-dimethylbenzene degradation to 3-methylbenzoate
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1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
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1,4-dimethylbenzene degradation to 4-methylbenzoate
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1,5-anhydrofructose degradation
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1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
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2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis
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2,5-xylenol and 3,5-xylenol degradation
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2-amino-3-hydroxycyclopent-2-enone biosynthesis
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2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation I
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2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
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2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol biosynthesis
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2-deoxy-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation
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2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate degradation
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2-deoxy-D-ribose degradation I
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2-deoxy-D-ribose degradation II
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2-hydroxypenta-2,4-dienoate degradation
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2-methyl-branched fatty acid beta-oxidation
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2-methylpropene degradation
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2-nitrotoluene degradation
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2-O-alpha-mannosyl-D-glycerate degradation
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2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA
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2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA
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3,6-anhydro-alpha-L-galactopyranose degradation
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent)
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic)
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent)
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3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)pyruvate biosynthesis
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3-chlorotoluene degradation II
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3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I
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3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis II (archaea)
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3-hydroxypropanoate cycle
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3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanate cycle
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3-methyl-branched fatty acid alpha-oxidation
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3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate
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3-phenylpropionate degradation
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3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis
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4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis I
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4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis II
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4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis I
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4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis II
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4-aminobutanoate degradation I
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4-aminobutanoate degradation II
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4-aminobutanoate degradation III
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4-aminobutanoate degradation IV
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4-aminobutanoate degradation V
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4-chloronitrobenzene degradation
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4-deoxy-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronate degradation
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4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis
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4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
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4-hydroxy-3-prenylbenzoate biosynthesis
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4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
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4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis III (plants)
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4-hydroxyphenylacetate degradation
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5'-deoxyadenosine degradation II
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5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I
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5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II
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6-gingerol analog biosynthesis (engineered)
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6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis
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6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Chlamydia)
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis IV
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8-oxo-(d)GTP detoxification II
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ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 1 precursor disaccharide
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ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 2 precursor disaccharide
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Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
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acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
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acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
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acetate and ATP formation from acetyl-CoA I
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acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA
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acetate fermentation
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acetoin degradation
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acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal)
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acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol)
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acetyl CoA biosynthesis
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acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
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acridone alkaloid biosynthesis
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acrylate degradation II
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acrylonitrile degradation I
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actinomycin D biosynthesis
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acyl carrier protein activation
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acyl carrier protein metabolism
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acyl-CoA hydrolysis
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adenine and adenosine salvage I
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adenine and adenosine salvage II
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adenine and adenosine salvage III
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adenine and adenosine salvage V
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adenine and adenosine salvage VI
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adenine salvage
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adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
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adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
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adenosine nucleotides degradation I
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adenosine nucleotides degradation II
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adenosine nucleotides degradation III
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adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
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adipate degradation
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adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis
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ADP-L-glycero-beta-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis
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aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
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aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
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aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
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Aflatoxin biosynthesis
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alanine metabolism
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alanine racemization
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Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
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aldoxime degradation
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alginate degradation
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alkane biosynthesis I
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alkane biosynthesis II
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alkane oxidation
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alkylnitronates degradation
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all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis
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allantoin degradation
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allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing)
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alliin metabolism
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alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
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alpha-tomatine degradation
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Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis
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Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
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Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
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Aminobenzoate degradation
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aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis II
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aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis
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ammonia assimilation cycle I
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ammonia assimilation cycle II
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ammonia assimilation cycle III
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ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
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amygdalin and prunasin degradation
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
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anandamide biosynthesis I
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anandamide biosynthesis II
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anandamide lipoxygenation
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anapleurotic synthesis of oxalacetate
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androgen and estrogen metabolism
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androstenedione degradation I (aerobic)
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androstenedione degradation II (anaerobic)
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anhydromuropeptides recycling I
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anhydromuropeptides recycling II
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ansatrienin biosynthesis
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anteiso-branched-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
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Arabinogalactan biosynthesis - Mycobacterium
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arachidonate biosynthesis
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Arachidonic acid metabolism
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arachidonic acid metabolism
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Arginine and proline metabolism
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Arginine biosynthesis
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arginine dependent acid resistance
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arginine metabolism
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aromatic glucosinolate activation
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aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria)
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arsenate detoxification I
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arsenic detoxification (mammals)
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arsenic detoxification (plants)
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arsenic detoxification (yeast)
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arsenite to oxygen electron transfer
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arsenite to oxygen electron transfer (via azurin)
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Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
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ascorbate glutathione cycle
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ascorbate metabolism
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ascorbate recycling (cytosolic)
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aspartate and asparagine metabolism
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aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
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aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
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assimilatory sulfate reduction I
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assimilatory sulfate reduction II
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assimilatory sulfate reduction III
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assimilatory sulfate reduction IV
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astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae)
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ATP biosynthesis
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Atrazine degradation
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atromentin biosynthesis
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autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I
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autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis II (Vibrio)
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avenanthramide biosynthesis
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bacilysin biosynthesis
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bacterial bioluminescence
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baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
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benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-beta-oxidative)
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Benzoate degradation
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benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic)
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beta-(1,4)-mannan degradation
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beta-1,4-D-mannosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine degradation
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beta-alanine biosynthesis I
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beta-alanine biosynthesis III
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beta-Alanine metabolism
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beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
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Betalain biosynthesis
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betanidin degradation
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Bifidobacterium shunt
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Biosynthesis of ansamycins
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Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
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Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
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Biosynthesis of vancomycin group antibiotics
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Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 3
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biotin biosynthesis
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biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I
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biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate II
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Biotin metabolism
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biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly
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bis(guanylyl tungstenpterin) cofactor biosynthesis
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bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)
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bisucaberin biosynthesis
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bryostatin biosynthesis
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bupropion degradation
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butachlor degradation
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Butanoate metabolism
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butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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C20 prostanoid biosynthesis
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C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
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C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
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cadaverine biosynthesis
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Caffeine metabolism
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Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
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camalexin biosynthesis
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canavanine biosynthesis
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canavanine degradation
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Caprolactam degradation
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capsaicin biosynthesis
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capsiconiate biosynthesis
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Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
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Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
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cardiolipin biosynthesis
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cardiolipin biosynthesis I
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cardiolipin biosynthesis II
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cardiolipin biosynthesis III
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Carotenoid biosynthesis
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carotenoid biosynthesis
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catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I
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catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate II
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CDP-6-deoxy-D-gulose biosynthesis
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CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis
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CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I
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CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II
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CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III
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cellulose biosynthesis
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cellulose degradation
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cellulose degradation II (fungi)
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ceramide and sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast)
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ceramide biosynthesis
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ceramide degradation by alpha-oxidation
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chitin biosynthesis
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chitin deacetylation
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chitin degradation I (archaea)
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chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
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chitin degradation III (Serratia)
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chitin derivatives degradation
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chloramphenicol biosynthesis
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chlorate reduction
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Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
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Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
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chlorogenic acid degradation
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chlorpyrifos degradation
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cholesterol biosynthesis
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cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase)
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cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase)
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chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate
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chorismate metabolism
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cinnamate and 3-hydroxycinnamate degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate
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cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis
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cis-geranyl-CoA degradation
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cis-vaccenate biosynthesis
cis-zeatin biosynthesis
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Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
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citric acid cycle
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CMP phosphorylation
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CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis
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CMP-8-amino-3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis
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CMP-KDO biosynthesis
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CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I
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CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria)
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CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
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CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
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coenzyme A biosynthesis I (prokaryotic)
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coenzyme A biosynthesis II (eukaryotic)
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coenzyme A metabolism
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coenzyme M biosynthesis
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coenzyme M biosynthesis II
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colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis
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colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis
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coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate)
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cremeomycin biosynthesis
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crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate)
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crotonyl-CoA/ethylmalonyl-CoA/hydroxybutyryl-CoA cycle (engineered)
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cutin biosynthesis
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cyanate degradation
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
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cycloartenol biosynthesis
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cyclohexanol degradation
cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) biosynthesis
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Cysteine and methionine metabolism
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cysteine metabolism
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cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor sulfurylation
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cytochrome c biogenesis (system I type)
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cytosolic NADPH production (yeast)
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D-Amino acid metabolism
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D-arabinose degradation I
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D-arabinose degradation II
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D-arabitol degradation
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D-cycloserine biosynthesis
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D-fructuronate degradation
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D-galactarate degradation I
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D-galactosamine and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation
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D-galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway)
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D-galactose detoxification
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D-galacturonate degradation I
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D-glucarate degradation I
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D-glucarate degradation II
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D-gluconate degradation
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D-glucosaminate degradation
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D-glucuronate degradation I
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D-lactate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
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D-malate degradation
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d-mannose degradation
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D-mannose degradation I
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D-mannose degradation II
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D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
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D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation
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D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism
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D-sorbitol biosynthesis I
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D-sorbitol degradation I
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D-sorbitol degradation II
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d-xylose degradation
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D-xylose degradation I
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D-xylose degradation IV
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D-xylose degradation to ethylene glycol (engineered)
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degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
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degradation of hexoses
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degradation of pentoses
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degradation of sugar acids
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degradation of sugar alcohols
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denitrification
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desferrioxamine B biosynthesis
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desferrioxamine E biosynthesis
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detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts
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diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis
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diethylphosphate degradation
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dimethyl sulfide biosynthesis from methionine
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Dioxin degradation
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dipicolinate biosynthesis
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diploterol biosynthesis
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dissimilatory sulfate reduction I (to hydrogen sufide))
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divinyl ether biosynthesis II
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dopamine degradation
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Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
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Drug metabolism - other enzymes
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dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis
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dTDP-3-acetamido-alpha-D-fucose biosynthesis
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dTDP-4-O-demethyl-beta-L-noviose biosynthesis
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dTDP-6-deoxy-alpha-D-allose biosynthesis
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dTDP-alpha-D-forosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-alpha-D-mycaminose biosynthesis
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dTDP-alpha-D-olivose, dTDP-alpha-D-oliose and dTDP-alpha-D-mycarose biosynthesis
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dTDP-alpha-D-ravidosamine and dTDP-4-acetyl-alpha-D-ravidosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-D-fucofuranose biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-L-4-epi-vancosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-L-digitoxose biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-L-megosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-L-mycarose biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-L-olivose biosynthesis
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dTDP-beta-L-rhamnose biosynthesis
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dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-L-daunosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-N-acetylthomosamine biosynthesis
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dTDP-N-acetylviosamine biosynthesis
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dTDPLrhamnose biosynthesis
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dTMP de novo biosynthesis (mitochondrial)
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dZTP biosynthesis
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ectoine biosynthesis
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enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis
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enterobactin biosynthesis
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Entner Doudoroff pathway
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
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Entner-Doudoroff shunt
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ephedrine biosynthesis
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ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
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Escherichia coli serotype O:127 O antigen biosynthesis
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Escherichia coli serotype O:1B/Salmonella enterica serotype O:42 O antigen biosynthesis
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Escherichia coli serotype O:85/Salmonella enterica serotype O:17 O antigen biosynthesis
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Escherichia coli serotype O:86 O antigen biosynthesis
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Escherichia coli serotype O:9 O antigen biosynthesis
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Escherichia coli serotype O:9a O antigen biosynthesis
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ethanol degradation I
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ethanol degradation II
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ethanol degradation III
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ethanol degradation IV
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ethanol fermentation
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ethanolamine utilization
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ethene biosynthesis I (plants)
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ethene biosynthesis III (microbes)
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ethene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
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ethene biosynthesis V (engineered)
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Ether lipid metabolism
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ethylene glycol degradation
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even iso-branched-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
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fatty acid alpha-oxidation I (plants)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation I (generic)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation II (plant peroxisome)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation VI (mammalian peroxisome)
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Fatty acid biosynthesis
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fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
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fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (plant mitochondria)
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fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (type I)
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fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (type II)
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Fatty acid degradation
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Fatty acid elongation
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fatty acid elongation -- saturated
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fatty acid salvage
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Fe(II) oxidation
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firefly bioluminescence
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flavin biosynthesis
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flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants)
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flavin biosynthesis II (archaea)
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flavin biosynthesis III (fungi)
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Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
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flexixanthin biosynthesis
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fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis
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fluoroacetate degradation
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Fluorobenzoate degradation
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Folate biosynthesis
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folate polyglutamylation
folate transformations I
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folate transformations II (plants)
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folate transformations III (E. coli)
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formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway)
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formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
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formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
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formaldehyde oxidation
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formaldehyde oxidation I
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formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
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formate oxidation to CO2
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formate to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer
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formate to nitrite electron transfer
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formate to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer
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fructan biosynthesis
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fructan degradation
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fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis
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Fructose and mannose metabolism
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fructose degradation
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GABA shunt
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galactitol degradation
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Galactose metabolism
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gallate biosynthesis
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gallate degradation III (anaerobic)
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gamma-glutamyl cycle
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gamma-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals)
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ganglio-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
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GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis
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GDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis
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GDP-D-glycero-alpha-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis
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GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis
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GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis
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GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis
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GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose)
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GDP-mannose biosynthesis
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GDP-mycosamine biosynthesis
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GDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-perosamine biosynthesis
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GDP-N-formyl-alpha-D-perosamine biosynthesis
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Geraniol degradation
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ginsenoside metabolism
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gliotoxin biosynthesis
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gluconeogenesis
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gluconeogenesis I
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gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
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gluconeogenesis III
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glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
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glucose degradation (oxidative)
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-
glucosinolate activation
-
-
Glucosinolate biosynthesis
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tyrosine
-
-
glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
glutamate and glutamine metabolism
-
-
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
-
-
glutaryl-CoA degradation
-
-
glutathione biosynthesis
-
-
Glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification I
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification II
-
-
glutathione-peroxide redox reactions
-
-
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis
-
-
glycerol degradation I
-
-
glycerol degradation II
-
-
glycerol degradation III
-
-
glycerol degradation to butanol
-
-
glycerol degradation V
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to hydrogen peroxide electron transport
-
-
Glycerolipid metabolism
-
-
glycerophosphodiester degradation
-
-
Glycerophospholipid metabolism
-
-
glycine betaine degradation I
-
-
glycine betaine degradation II (mammalian)
-
-
glycine biosynthesis I
-
-
glycine biosynthesis II
-
-
glycine cleavage
-
-
glycine degradation (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
glycine metabolism
-
-
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
-
-
glycogen degradation I
-
-
glycogen degradation II
-
-
glycogen metabolism
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation I
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II
-
-
glycolysis
-
-
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
-
-
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis III (from glucose)
-
-
glycolysis IV
-
-
glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan degradation
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - lacto and neolacto series
-
-
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
-
-
glyoxylate assimilation
-
-
glyoxylate cycle
-
-
glyphosate degradation III
-
-
gondoate biosynthesis (anaerobic)
-
-
gossypol biosynthesis
-
-
grixazone biosynthesis
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage I
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation III
-
-
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
guanylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis II (oxygen-independent)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis IV (Gram-positive bacteria)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis V (aerobic)
-
-
heme degradation I
-
-
heme metabolism
-
-
heparan sulfate degradation
-
-
heparin degradation
-
-
heptadecane biosynthesis
-
-
heterolactic fermentation
-
-
histamine degradation
-
-
Histidine metabolism
-
-
histidine metabolism
-
-
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion
-
-
homoglutathione biosynthesis
-
-
homospermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
homospermidine biosynthesis II
-
-
hopanoid biosynthesis (bacteria)
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
hydrogen oxidation I (aerobic)
-
-
hydrogen production
-
-
hydrogen production III
-
-
hydrogen production V
-
-
hydrogen production VI
-
-
hydrogen production VIII
-
-
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage
-
-
hypoglycin biosynthesis
-
-
hypotaurine degradation
-
-
IAA biosynthesis
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (8-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
incomplete reductive TCA cycle
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (herbivore attack)
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis VI (bacteria)
-
-
inosine 5'-phosphate degradation
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis III
-
-
Inositol phosphate metabolism
-
-
Insect hormone biosynthesis
-
-
isoleucine metabolism
-
-
isoprenoid biosynthesis
-
-
Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
itaconate degradation
-
-
jadomycin biosynthesis
-
-
jasmonic acid biosynthesis
-
-
justicidin B biosynthesis
-
-
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA (Brucella)
-
-
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA (E. coli)
-
-
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA (generic)
-
-
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA (Haemophilus)
-
-
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA (P. gingivalis)
-
-
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA (P. putida)
-
-
ketogluconate metabolism
-
-
kojibiose degradation
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-alanine degradation I
-
-
L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
-
-
L-alanine degradation VI (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-arabinose degradation I
-
-
L-arabinose degradation II
-
-
L-arabinose degradation IV
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaea)
-
-
L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation II (AST pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation XIII (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-arginine degradation XIV (oxidative Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV (animals, D-glucuronate pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (plants, myo-inositol pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VIII (engineered pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation I (bacterial, anaerobic)
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic)
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-asparagine degradation I
-
-
L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
-
-
L-aspartate biosynthesis
-
-
L-aspartate degradation I
-
-
L-aspartate degradation II (aerobic)
-
-
L-aspartate degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-carnitine degradation II
-
-
L-citrulline biosynthesis
-
-
L-citrulline degradation
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis IX (Trichomonas vaginalis)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VII (from S-sulfo-L-cysteine)
-
-
L-dopa and L-dopachrome biosynthesis
-
-
L-fucose degradation
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis III
-
-
L-glutamate degradation I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation II
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation XI (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamine degradation I
-
-
L-glutamine degradation II
-
-
L-histidine biosynthesis
-
-
L-histidine degradation V
-
-
L-homoserine biosynthesis
-
-
L-idonate degradation
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine)
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation I
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation II
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation III (oxidative Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation (aerobic)
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
L-leucine biosynthesis
-
-
L-leucine degradation I
-
-
L-leucine degradation III
-
-
L-leucine degradation IV (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-leucine degradation V (oxidative Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis VI
-
-
L-lysine degradation I
-
-
L-lysine degradation V
-
-
L-lysine degradation X
-
-
L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate
-
-
L-lyxose degradation
-
-
L-malate degradation II
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-methionine degradation III
-
-
L-methionine salvage from L-homocysteine
-
-
L-Ndelta-acetylornithine biosynthesis
-
-
L-ornithine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis III (cytosolic, plants)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation III
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation V
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation VI (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis I (from L-glutamate)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis III (from L-ornithine)
-
-
L-proline degradation I
-
-
L-rhamnose degradation I
-
-
L-rhamnose degradation II
-
-
L-rhamnose degradation III
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes)
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-sorbose degradation
-
-
L-threonine biosynthesis
-
-
L-threonine degradation I
-
-
L-threonine degradation II
-
-
L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
L-threonine degradation IV
-
-
L-threonine degradation V
-
-
L-tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation IV (via indole-3-lactate)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation VIII (to tryptophol)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XIII (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation I
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation II
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation III
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation V (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-valine biosynthesis
-
-
L-valine degradation I
-
-
L-valine degradation II
-
-
L-valine degradation III (oxidative Stickland reaction)
-
-
lactate biosynthesis (archaea)
-
-
lactate fermentation
-
-
lactose and galactose degradation I
-
-
lactose degradation II
-
-
lanosterol biosynthesis
-
-
leucine metabolism
-
-
leukotriene biosynthesis
-
-
Limonene and pinene degradation
-
-
limonene degradation IV (anaerobic)
-
-
linamarin degradation
-
-
linezolid resistance
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
Linoleic acid metabolism
-
-
linustatin bioactivation
-
-
lipid A biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxy-D-glucopyranose-containing)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (generic)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. gingivalis)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
-
-
lipid metabolism
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus)
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation IV (yeast)
-
-
Lipoic acid metabolism
-
-
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
lipoprotein posttranslational modification
-
-
lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
-
-
long-chain fatty acid activation
-
-
lotaustralin degradation
-
-
lupanine biosynthesis
-
-
lupulone and humulone biosynthesis
-
-
luteolin triglucuronide degradation
-
-
Lysine biosynthesis
-
-
Lysine degradation
-
-
lysine metabolism
-
-
m-cresol degradation
-
-
macrolide antibiotic biosynthesis
-
-
malate/L-aspartate shuttle pathway
-
-
mangrove triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
mannitol biosynthesis
-
-
mannitol cycle
-
-
mannitol degradation I
-
-
mannitol degradation II
-
-
matairesinol biosynthesis
-
-
melatonin degradation I
-
-
melatonin degradation II
-
-
melibiose degradation
-
-
Metabolic pathways
-
-
metabolism of amino sugars and derivatives
-
-
metabolism of disaccharids
-
-
Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
-
-
Methane metabolism
-
-
methane metabolism
-
-
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
-
methanofuran biosynthesis
-
-
methanogenesis from acetate
-
-
methanol oxidation to carbon dioxide
-
-
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde II
-
-
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
-
-
methiin metabolism
-
-
methionine metabolism
-
-
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
-
-
methyl ketone biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
methyl parathion degradation
-
-
methyl phomopsenoate biosynthesis
-
-
methyl tert-butyl ether degradation
-
-
methylaspartate cycle
methylerythritol phosphate pathway I
-
-
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II
-
-
methylgallate degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation V
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation VI
-
-
methylsalicylate degradation
-
-
Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
-
-
mitochondrial NADPH production (yeast)
-
-
mixed acid fermentation
-
-
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
Monobactam biosynthesis
-
-
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation
-
-
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation
-
-
Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
mupirocin biosynthesis
-
-
muropeptide degradation
-
-
mycolate biosynthesis
-
-
mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis
-
-
myo-inositol biosynthesis
N-3-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoate biosynthesis
-
-
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation
-
-
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I
-
-
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation I
-
-
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation II
-
-
N-Glycan biosynthesis
-
-
N-methyl-Delta1-pyrrolinium cation biosynthesis
-
-
N-methylpyrrolidone degradation
-
-
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde
-
-
NAD de novo biosynthesis I (from aspartate)
-
-
NAD de novo biosynthesis IV (anaerobic)
-
-
NAD metabolism
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and transhydrogenation
-
-
NAD salvage (plants)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway I (PNC VI cycle)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway III (to nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway V (PNC V cycle)
-
-
NAD(P)/NADPH interconversion
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer II
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer II
-
-
NADP biosynthesis
-
-
NADPH to cytochrome c oxidase via plastocyanin
-
-
Naphthalene degradation
-
-
neolinustatin bioactivation
-
-
Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
-
-
Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
-
-
nicotine biosynthesis
-
-
nicotine degradation I (pyridine pathway)
-
-
nicotine degradation II (pyrrolidine pathway)
-
-
nicotine degradation IV
-
-
nicotine degradation V
-
-
nitrate assimilation
-
-
nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction IV (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VIIIb (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction X (dissimilatory, periplasmic)
-
-
nitric oxide biosynthesis II (mammals)
-
-
nitrifier denitrification
-
-
nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
-
-
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
-
-
Nitrogen metabolism
-
-
nitrogen remobilization from senescing leaves
-
-
Nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
nocardicin A biosynthesis
-
-
non-pathway related
-
-
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
-
-
norspermidine biosynthesis
-
-
Novobiocin biosynthesis
-
-
nucleoside and nucleotide degradation (archaea)
-
-
O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
O-Antigen nucleotide sugar biosynthesis
-
-
o-diquinones biosynthesis
-
-
octane oxidation
octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast)
-
-
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
octopamine biosynthesis
-
-
odd iso-branched-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
oleandomycin activation/inactivation
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation
-
-
oleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis IV (anaerobic)
-
-
One carbon pool by folate
-
-
ophthalmate biosynthesis
-
-
ornithine metabolism
-
-
Other glycan degradation
-
-
Other types of O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
oxalate degradation II
-
-
oxalate degradation III
-
-
oxalate degradation VI
-
-
oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
-
-
Oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis I (type I fatty acid synthase)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis II (type II fatty acid synthase)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis III
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis I (from (5Z)-dodec-5-enoate)
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis IV (fungi and animals)
-
-
palmitoyl ethanolamide biosynthesis
-
-
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
-
-
pantothenate biosynthesis
-
-
paraoxon degradation
-
-
parathion degradation
-
-
partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
-
-
pectin degradation II
-
-
pederin biosynthesis
-
-
Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
-
-
pentachlorophenol degradation
-
-
Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
-
-
Pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) I
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) II
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (partial)
-
-
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis III (mycobacteria)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis V (beta-lactam resistance)
-
-
peptidoglycan maturation (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
peptidoglycan monomer biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
periplasmic disulfide bond formation
-
-
petrobactin biosynthesis
-
-
petroselinate biosynthesis
-
-
Phenazine biosynthesis
-
-
phenol degradation
-
-
phenylacetate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
Phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
phenylethanol biosynthesis
-
-
phenylethanol degradation
-
-
phenylethylamine degradation I
-
-
phenylethylamine degradation II
-
-
phenylmercury acetate degradation
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions
-
-
pheomelanin biosynthesis
-
-
phosphate acquisition
-
-
phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule
-
-
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
-
-
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine bioynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic)
-
-
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic)
-
-
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis II (eukaryotes)
-
-
phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I
-
-
phospholipases
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis III (archaea)
-
-
photorespiration
-
-
Photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis light reactions
-
-
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phytate degradation I
-
-
phytol degradation
-
-
plasmalogen biosynthesis
-
-
plasmalogen degradation
-
-
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I
-
-
platensimycin biosynthesis
-
-
poly(3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-N-acetylgalactosamine 1-phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis
-
-
poly(glycerol phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis
-
-
poly(ribitol phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis I (B. subtilis)
-
-
poly(ribitol phosphate) wall teichoic acid biosynthesis II (S. aureus)
-
-
polyamine pathway
-
-
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
-
-
Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
-
-
polyphosphate metabolism
-
-
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
-
-
proline metabolism
-
-
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
propanethial S-oxide biosynthesis
-
-
Propanoate metabolism
-
-
propanol degradation
-
-
propionate fermentation
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (plants and animals)
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (yeast)
-
-
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation
-
-
protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
-
-
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway)
-
-
pseudouridine degradation
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation II
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
Purine metabolism
-
-
purine metabolism
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
purine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis I
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis II
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis III
-
-
putrescine degradation I
-
-
putrescine degradation II
-
-
putrescine degradation III
-
-
putrescine degradation IV
-
-
putrescine degradation V
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants)
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis IV
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation
-
-
Pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
-
-
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA I
-
-
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-lactate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-acetoin
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
-
-
Pyruvate metabolism
-
-
pyruvate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
-
-
pyruvate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis I (de novo)
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis III (queuosine salvage)
-
-
quinate degradation I
-
-
quinate degradation II
-
-
reactive oxygen species degradation
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway
-
-
reductive glycine pathway
-
-
reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle
-
-
reductive TCA cycle I
-
-
reductive TCA cycle II
-
-
resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
retinol biosynthesis
-
-
Retinol metabolism
-
-
ribitol degradation
-
-
Riboflavin metabolism
-
-
ribose phosphorylation
-
-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
Rubisco shunt
-
-
S-(6-hydroxy-4-methylhexan-4-yl)-L-cysteinylglycine biosynthesis
-
-
S-(6-hydroxy-4-methylhexan-4-yl)-L-cysteinylglycine degradation
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine salvage I
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine salvage II
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation IV
-
-
S-methyl-L-methionine cycle
-
-
salicin biosynthesis
-
-
salicortin biosynthesis
-
-
salidroside biosynthesis
-
-
salinosporamide A biosynthesis
-
-
Salmonella enterica serotype O:13 O antigen biosynthesis
-
-
Salmonella enterica serotype O:54 O antigen biosynthesis
-
-
saponin biosynthesis II
-
-
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass
-
-
selenate reduction
-
-
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization I
-
-
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization III
-
-
Selenocompound metabolism
-
-
selenocysteine biosynthesis
-
-
serine metabolism
-
-
serotonin degradation
-
-
serotonin metabolism
-
-
sesamin biosynthesis
-
-
Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
sorbitol biosynthesis II
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis II
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis III
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation I
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals)
-
-
Sphingolipid metabolism
-
-
sphingomyelin metabolism
-
-
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism
-
-
sphingosine metabolism
-
-
sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis
-
-
stachyose degradation
-
-
Starch and sucrose metabolism
-
-
starch biosynthesis
-
-
starch degradation
-
-
starch degradation I
-
-
starch degradation II
-
-
starch degradation III
-
-
starch degradation IV
-
-
starch degradation V
-
-
stearate biosynthesis I (animals)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis IV
-
-
stellatic acid biosynthesis
-
-
sterculate biosynthesis
-
-
Steroid biosynthesis
-
-
Steroid hormone biosynthesis
-
-
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast)
-
-
stigma estolide biosynthesis
-
-
Stilbenoid, diarylheptanoid and gingerol biosynthesis
-
-
streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
Streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
streptorubin B biosynthesis
-
-
styrene degradation
-
-
Styrene degradation
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
succinate to chytochrome c oxidase via cytochrome c6
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
succinate to cytochrome c oxidase via plastocyanin
-
-
succinate to plastoquinol oxidase
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis II
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis III
-
-
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
-
-
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
-
-
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
-
-
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)
-
-
sucrose degradation V (sucrose alpha-glucosidase)
-
-
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase)
-
-
sulfate activation for sulfonation
-
-
sulfate reduction
-
-
sulfide oxidation IV (mitochondria)
-
-
sulfite oxidation II
-
-
sulfite oxidation III
-
-
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation I
-
-
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation IV
-
-
sulfolactate degradation II
-
-
sulfolactate degradation III
-
-
sulfopterin metabolism
-
-
sulfoquinovose degradation
-
-
sulfoquinovose degradation I
-
-
sulfoquinovose degradation II
-
-
sulfoquinovose degradation III
-
-
Sulfur metabolism
-
-
superoxide radicals degradation
-
-
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli)
-
-
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
-
-
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation
-
-
superpathway of glycolysis and the Entner-Doudoroff pathway
-
-
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass
-
-
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation
-
-
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of methylsalicylate metabolism
-
-
superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of ornithine degradation
-
-
superpathway of phospholipid biosynthesis II (plants)
-
-
superpathway of photosynthetic hydrogen production
-
-
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
syringate degradation
-
-
Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
-
-
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic)
-
-
TCA cycle II (plants and fungi)
-
-
TCA cycle III (animals)
-
-
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase)
-
-
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate synthase)
-
-
TCA cycle VI (Helicobacter)
-
-
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers)
-
-
TCA cycle VIII (Chlamydia)
-
-
teichuronic acid biosynthesis (B. subtilis 168)
-
-
terminal O-glycans residues modification (via type 2 precursor disaccharide)
-
-
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
-
-
tetradecanoate biosynthesis (mitochondria)
-
-
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydrofolate metabolism
-
-
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate
-
-
tetrahydropteridine recycling
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate)
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis I (E. coli)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis II (Bacillus)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis III (Staphylococcus)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis IV (eukaryotes)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate salvage I
-
-
thiamine diphosphate salvage II
-
-
thiamine diphosphate salvage IV (yeast)
-
-
Thiamine metabolism
-
-
thiamine phosphate formation from pyrithiamine and oxythiamine (yeast)
-
-
thioredoxin pathway
-
-
thiosulfate disproportionation IV (rhodanese)
-
-
threonine metabolism
-
-
thymine degradation
-
-
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation)
-
-
Toluene degradation
-
-
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via toluene-cis-diol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I (via o-cresol)
-
-
toluene degradation to benzoate
-
-
toxoflavin biosynthesis
-
-
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation I
-
-
traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis I
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis IV
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis V
-
-
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity)
-
-
trehalose degradation II (cytosolic)
-
-
trehalose degradation IV
-
-
trehalose degradation V
-
-
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic)
-
-
triacylglycerol degradation
-
-
triethylamine degradation
-
-
tRNA charging
-
-
tRNA processing
-
-
tRNA splicing I
-
-
tRNA splicing II
-
-
Tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
Tryptophan metabolism
-
-
tryptophan metabolism
-
-
tunicamycin biosynthesis
-
-
type I lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. aureus)
-
-
Tyrosine metabolism
-
-
tyrosine metabolism
-
-
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (late decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis (late decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis from 4-aminobenzoate (yeast)
-
-
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (late decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (late decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (late decarboxylation)
-
-
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
-
-
ubiquinone biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactofuranose biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactose biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose)
-
-
UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-mannosaminouronate biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis III
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis II (lysine-containing)
-
-
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis III (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
UMP biosynthesis I
-
-
UMP biosynthesis II
-
-
UMP biosynthesis III
-
-
uracil degradation I (reductive)
-
-
urea cycle
urea degradation II
-
-
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II
-
-
valine metabolism
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
-
-
valproate beta-oxidation
-
-
vancomycin resistance I
-
-
vancomycin resistance II
-
-
vanillin biosynthesis I
-
-
Various types of N-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
vitamin B1 metabolism
-
-
Vitamin B6 metabolism
-
-
vitamin B6 metabolism
-
-
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols)
-
-
vitamin K metabolism
-
-
vitamin K-epoxide cycle
-
-
wax esters biosynthesis II
-
-
xanthine and xanthosine salvage
-
-
xanthommatin biosynthesis
-
-
Xylene degradation
-
-
xylitol degradation
-
-
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase)
-
-
Zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis
-
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
SOURCE TISSUE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
SOURCE
additional information
LOCALIZATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
GeneOntology No.
LITERATURE
SOURCE
additional information
periplasmic sensor domains
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
LINKS TO OTHER DATABASES (specific for Escherichia coli K-12)