BRENDA - Enzyme Database
show all sequences of 1.14.18.7

Arabidopsis sphingolipid fatty acid 2-hydroxylases (AtFAH1 and AtFAH2) are functionally differentiated in fatty acid 2-hydroxylation and stress responses

Nagano, M.; Takahara, K.; Fujimoto, M.; Tsutsumi, N.; Uchimiya, H.; Kawai-Yamada, M.; Plant Physiol. 159, 1138-1148 (2012)

Data extracted from this reference:

Organism
Organism
UniProt
Commentary
Textmining
Arabidopsis thaliana
O48916
isoform FAH1
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
Q9SUC5
isoform FAH2
-
Synonyms
Synonyms
Commentary
Organism
FAH1
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
FAH2
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
physiological function
interaction with Arabidopsis cytochrome b5 is needed for sufficient activity. Isoform FAH1 mainly 2-hydroxylates very-long-chain fatty acids. In FAH1 knock-down lines, levels of hydroxylated fatty acids 22:0, 24:0, and 26:0 are considerably lower than in wild type, whereas the level of hydroxylated fatty acid 16:0 is marginally decreased. 2-Hydroxyfatty acids are related to resistance to oxidative stress, and isoform FAH1 or 2-hydroxy very-long-chain fatty acids show particularly strong responses to oxidative stress. Isoform FAH1 interacts with Bax inhibitor-1 via cytochrome b5 and is a key factor in Bax inhibitor-1-mediated cell death suppression; interaction with Arabidopsis cytochrome b5 is needed for sufficient activity. Isoform FAH2 selectively 2-hydroxylates palmitic acid in Arabidopsis. In FAH2 knock-down lines, the level of hydroxylated fatty acid 16:0 is reduced by 22.9%, whereas the levels of other 2-hydroxyfatty acids are similar to those in wild type
Arabidopsis thaliana
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
physiological function
interaction with Arabidopsis cytochrome b5 is needed for sufficient activity. Isoform FAH1 mainly 2-hydroxylates very-long-chain fatty acids. In FAH1 knock-down lines, levels of hydroxylated fatty acids 22:0, 24:0, and 26:0 are considerably lower than in wild type, whereas the level of hydroxylated fatty acid 16:0 is marginally decreased. 2-Hydroxyfatty acids are related to resistance to oxidative stress, and isoform FAH1 or 2-hydroxy very-long-chain fatty acids show particularly strong responses to oxidative stress. Isoform FAH1 interacts with Bax inhibitor-1 via cytochrome b5 and is a key factor in Bax inhibitor-1-mediated cell death suppression
Arabidopsis thaliana
physiological function
interaction with Arabidopsis cytochrome b5 is needed for sufficient activity. Isoform FAH2 selectively 2-hydroxylates palmitic acid in Arabidopsis. In FAH2 knock-down lines, the level of hydroxylated fatty acid 16:0 is reduced by 22.9%, whereas the levels of other 2-hydroxyfatty acids are similar to those in wild type
Arabidopsis thaliana
Other publictions for EC
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Synonyms
Temperature Optimum [C]
Temperature Range [C]
Temperature Stability [C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
746153
Nagano
Arabidopsis Bax inhibitor-1 p ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Planta
240
77-89
2014
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734960
Nagano
Arabidopsis sphingolipid fatty ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Physiol.
159
1138-1148
2012
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734909
Nagano
Functional association of cell ...
Arabidopsis thaliana, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Plant J.
58
122-134
2009
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734124
Mitchell
Fah1p, a Saccharomyces cerevis ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
J. Biol. Chem.
272
28281-28288
1997
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