BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 1.10.3.1

Polyphenol oxidase activity from three sicilian artichoke [Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus L. (Fiori)] cultivars: studies and technological application on minimally processed production

Todaro, A.; Peluso, O.; Catalano, A.E.; Mauromicale, G.; Spagna, G.; J. Agric. Food Chem. 58, 1714-1718 (2010)

Data extracted from this reference:

Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
ascorbic acid
11% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Sicilia, 29% residual activity at 200 mM in cultivar Violetto di Provenza, 8% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Tema 2000
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Citric acid
37% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Sicilia, 59% residual activity at 200 mM in cultivar Violetto di Provenza, 18% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Tema 2000
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
tartaric acid
2% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Sicilia, 18% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Provenza, 29% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Tema 2000
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
-
cultivars Violetto di Provenza, Violetto di Sicilia, and Tema 2000
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
3,4-dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
?
-
-
-
?
3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
(3,4-dioxocyclohexa-1,5-dien-1-yl)acetic acid + H2O
-
-
-
?
4-methylcatechol + O2
highest level of enzyme activity in cultivar Violetto di Provenza
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
4-methyl-1,2-benzoquinone + H2O
-
-
-
?
caffeic acid + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
caffeoyl quinone + H2O
-
-
-
?
catechol + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
1,2-benzoquinone + H2O
-
-
-
?
chlorogenic acid + O2
highest level of enzyme activity in cultivars Tema 2000 and Violetto di Sicilia
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
?
-
-
-
?
additional information
this enzyme is an o-diphenol oxidase, and no cresolase activity has been found
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
?
-
-
-
-
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
50
-
-
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Temperature Stability [°C]
Temperature Stability Minimum [°C]
Temperature Stability Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
4
100
the enzyme is stable at 4°C for 240 min, but is unstable at 75 and 100°C. Heat treatment at 100°C from 20 to 80 min decreases enzyme activity (62.5%)
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
pH Optimum
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
4
7
-
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
pH Stability
pH Stability
pH Stability Maximum
Commentary
Organism
3
6
at pH 6.0, all cultivars are stable with an increase of activity from 6 to 8% around 30 min, but at 120 min the activity decreases by about 30%. At pH 3.0, PPO activity decreases quickly and strongly (about 60% after 120 min of treatment), whereas at pH 4.0 it is quite stable in each cultivar (about 20% after 120 min of treatment)
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
ascorbic acid
11% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Sicilia, 29% residual activity at 200 mM in cultivar Violetto di Provenza, 8% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Tema 2000
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Citric acid
37% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Sicilia, 59% residual activity at 200 mM in cultivar Violetto di Provenza, 18% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Tema 2000
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
tartaric acid
2% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Sicilia, 18% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Violetto di Provenza, 29% residual activity at 400 mM in cultivar Tema 2000
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
3,4-dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
?
-
-
-
?
3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
(3,4-dioxocyclohexa-1,5-dien-1-yl)acetic acid + H2O
-
-
-
?
4-methylcatechol + O2
highest level of enzyme activity in cultivar Violetto di Provenza
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
4-methyl-1,2-benzoquinone + H2O
-
-
-
?
caffeic acid + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
caffeoyl quinone + H2O
-
-
-
?
catechol + O2
-
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
1,2-benzoquinone + H2O
-
-
-
?
chlorogenic acid + O2
highest level of enzyme activity in cultivars Tema 2000 and Violetto di Sicilia
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
?
-
-
-
?
additional information
this enzyme is an o-diphenol oxidase, and no cresolase activity has been found
712219
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
?
-
-
-
-
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
50
-
-
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability Minimum [°C]
Temperature Stability Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
4
100
the enzyme is stable at 4°C for 240 min, but is unstable at 75 and 100°C. Heat treatment at 100°C from 20 to 80 min decreases enzyme activity (62.5%)
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
4
7
-
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
pH Stability (protein specific)
pH Stability
pH Stability Maximum
Commentary
Organism
3
6
at pH 6.0, all cultivars are stable with an increase of activity from 6 to 8% around 30 min, but at 120 min the activity decreases by about 30%. At pH 3.0, PPO activity decreases quickly and strongly (about 60% after 120 min of treatment), whereas at pH 4.0 it is quite stable in each cultivar (about 20% after 120 min of treatment)
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Expression
Organism
Commentary
Expression
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
a decrease in activity is noted in the spring harvest as compared to winter harvest
down
Expression (protein specific)
Organism
Commentary
Expression
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
a decrease in activity is noted in the spring harvest as compared to winter harvest
down
Other publictions for EC 1.10.3.1
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
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Heat stability and effect of ...
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Food Chem.
233
159-163
2017
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-
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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3
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1
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-
744661
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Purification and characteriza ...
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62
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3
1
-
-
-
-
3
3
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-
1
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2
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1
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2
1
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2
1
2
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2
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1
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3
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3
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1
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2
1
2
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2
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744955
Bravo
Characterization of polypheno ...
Physalis peruviana, Physalis peruviana Colombian ecotype
Food Chem.
197
185-190
2016
-
1
-
-
-
-
13
3
-
-
-
6
-
2
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-
1
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1
1
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8
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3
1
1
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2
1
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18
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1
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18
13
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3
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6
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1
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1
1
-
8
-
3
1
1
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
744952
Cheema
Characterization of polypheno ...
Mangifera indica
Food Chem.
171
382-387
2015
1
1
-
-
-
-
10
12
-
1
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
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6
1
1
-
1
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1
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1
1
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-
-
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-
-
10
-
12
-
1
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1
-
-
6
1
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
744954
Liu
Purification and structural a ...
Malus domestica
Food Chem.
183
72-77
2015
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
2
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
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4
2
1
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1
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1
1
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2
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1
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1
1
-
4
2
1
-
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-
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
744221
Cheng
Characterization of germin-li ...
Citrus unshiu
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
449
313-318
2014
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
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3
-
1
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1
-
1
-
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-
2
2
-
-
-
745732
Hua
-
Characterization of polypheno ...
Raphanus sativus
Mod. Food Sci. Technol.
30
69-73
2014
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
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1
1
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1
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2
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1
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1
1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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-
-
-
-
-
-
725559
Hakulinen
The crystal structure of an ex ...
Aspergillus oryzae
J. Biol. Inorg. Chem.
18
917-929
2013
-
-
1
1
-
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1
1
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3
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1
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2
1
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1
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3
3
-
-
-
727570
Liu
Purification and partial chara ...
Lonicera japonica
Food Chem.
138
478-483
2013
1
-
-
-
-
-
10
3
-
6
2
-
-
3
-
-
1
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2
2
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4
1
1
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1
-
1
-
1
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1
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10
-
3
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6
2
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1
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2
2
-
4
1
1
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
727645
Bae
Expression pattern and substra ...
Clonorchis sinensis
Int. J. Parasitol.
43
891-900
2013
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
2
-
1
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2
-
9
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1
1
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2
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9
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1
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1
1
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1
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1
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2
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1
1
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2
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9
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1
1
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-
726187
Dirks-Hofmeister
Site-directed mutagenesis of a ...
Taraxacum officinale
Plant Mol. Biol.
80
203-217
2012
-
-
1
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1
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1
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1
3
2
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4
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4
3
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3
2
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4
3
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1
1
-
-
-
711789
Kim
Hemocyanin-derived phenoloxida ...
Erimacrus isenbeckii
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B
159
103-108
2011
5
-
-
-
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3
2
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1
2
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4
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1
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1
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1
1
1
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5
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2
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1
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1
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3
1
1
1
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1
1
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-
713239
Palma-Orozco
Purification and partial bioch ...
Pouteria sapota
Phytochemistry
72
82-88
2011
3
-
-
-
-
-
7
2
-
-
2
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
3
1
4
1
1
1
1
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1
1
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3
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7
-
2
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2
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1
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1
3
1
4
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
713387
Diwakar
Purification and biochemical c ...
Musa x paradisiaca
Prep. Biochem. Biotechnol.
41
187-200
2011
2
-
-
-
-
-
9
2
-
5
1
2
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2
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1
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2
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2
1
1
1
1
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1
1
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2
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9
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2
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5
1
2
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1
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2
-
-
2
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
710798
Holzapfel
Polyphenol oxidase activity in ...
Bromus inermis, Bromus rubens
Am. J. Bot.
97
1195-1199
2010
4
-
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9
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712216
Virador
Cloning, sequencing, purificat ...
Vitis vinifera
J. Agric. Food Chem.
58
1189-1201
2010
-
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1
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1
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3
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-
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-
712219
Todaro
Polyphenol oxidase activity fr ...
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
J. Agric. Food Chem.
58
1714-1718
2010
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
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7
-
1
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1
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1
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1
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3
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-
-
7
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
1
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-
1
-
-
712530
Wu
Cloning, microbial expression ...
Camellia sinensis
J. Biotechnol.
145
66-72
2010
-
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1
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8
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1
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1
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5
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5
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5
5
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5
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1
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5
-
-
712878
Liu
Prokaryotic expression and pur ...
Camellia sinensis
J. Sci. Food Agric.
90
2490-2494
2010
-
1
1
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1
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4
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
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-
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1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
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699242
Dedeoglu
Differential in vitro inhibiti ...
Lactarius salmonicolor
J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem.
24
464-470
2009
1
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7
3
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1
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-
1
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
3
1
-
-
3
1
-
-
7
-
7
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
7
7
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
3
-
3
1
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
701760
Kouakou
Purification and biochemical c ...
Gossypium hirsutum
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
158
285-301
2009
1
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-
-
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8
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3
1
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-
1
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-
1
-
-
1
1
-
10
-
1
-
1
-
3
-
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
10
-
1
-
1
-
3
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
701876
Gasparetti
Discovery of a new tyrosinase- ...
Aspergillus oryzae
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
86
213-226
2009
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
1
-
2
-
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
9
-
1
-
2
-
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
704845
Gheibi
Dual effects of aliphatic carb ...
Agaricus bisporus
J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem.
24
1076-1081
2009
6
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-
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
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-
1
-
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-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
710702
Fan
Purification and characterizat ...
Amphioctopus fangsiao
Acta Biochim. Biophys. Sin.
41
865-872
2009
1
-
-
-
-
-
12
2
-
-
3
-
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
3
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
2
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
3
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
684646
Sutay Kocabas
Purification, characterization ...
Aspergillus niger, Bos taurus, Homo sapiens
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
79
407-415
2008
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
684704
Campello
Role of the tertiary structure ...
Octopus vulgaris
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
471
159-167
2008
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
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-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
686692
Jaenicke
Kinetic properties of catechol ...
Aphonopelma californicum (nomen dubium)
FEBS J.
275
1518-1528
2008
1
-
-
-
-
1
6
2
-
1
-
-
-
6
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
6
5
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
687246
Chisari
Characterization and role of p ...
Cucumis melo
J. Agric. Food Chem.
56
132-138
2008
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
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-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
696393
Perdomo-Morales
Hemocyanin-derived phenoloxida ...
Panulirus argus
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
1780
652-658
2008
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
3
-
-
5
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
3
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
706120
Pinto
A wounding-induced PPO from co ...
Vigna unguiculata
Phytochemistry
69
2297-2302
2008
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
2
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
6
1
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
2
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
6
1
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
674138
Gandia-Herrero
Characterization of the activi ...
Agaricus bisporus
J. Agric. Food Chem.
55
1546-1551
2007
-
-
-
-
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1
2
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1
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1
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-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
674142
Munoz
Kinetic characterization of th ...
Agaricus bisporus
J. Agric. Food Chem.
55
920-928
2007
-
-
-
-
-
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7
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-
-
-
1
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
6
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
6
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
686666
Kanade
Functional interaction of diph ...
Ipomoea batatas, Lablab purpureus
FEBS J.
274
4177-4187
2007
-
-
-
-
-
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19
11
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1
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2
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-
1
-
-
2
2
-
12
1
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
2
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
19
2
11
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
2
-
12
1
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
688112
Fang
-
Extraction and characterizatio ...
Asimina triloba
J. Food Biochem.
31
603-620
2007
-
1
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-
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1
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2
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1
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1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
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1
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
671593
Selles-Marchart
Isolation of a latent polyphen ...
Eriobotrya japonica
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
446
175-185
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
5
2
1
1
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
3
2
-
12
1
2
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
5
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
2
-
12
1
2
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
671857
Kanade
The conformational state of po ...
Lablab purpureus
Biochem. J.
395
551-562
2006
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
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1
1
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2
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-
1
1
-
1
-
-
3
2
1
-
2
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
3
2
1
-
2
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
672540
Khan
Tetraketones: a new class of t ...
Agaricus bisporus
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
14
344-351
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
672546
Khan
Oxazolones: new tyrosinase inh ...
Agaricus bisporus
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
14
6027-6033
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
8
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
672547
Khan
Tyrosinase inhibition studies ...
Agaricus bisporus
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
14
6085-6088
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
11
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
672593
Cho
N-Benzylbenzamides: A new clas ...
Agaricus bisporus
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
16
2682-2684
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
19
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
18
19
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
673046
Koval
Catecholase activity of a copp ...
Ipomoea batatas
Chem. Eur. J.
12
6138 - 6150
2006
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
673560
Selinheimo
Production and characterizatio ...
Trichoderma reesei
FEBS J.
273
4322-4335
2006
-
-
1
-
-
-
6
-
-
1
2
-
-
1
-
2
1
-
-
-
1
-
6
2
1
-
3
-
1
1
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
1
-
6
2
1
-
3
-
1
1
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
673779
Erat
-
Purification and characterizat ...
Ferula sp.
Food Chem.
95
503-508
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
10
-
-
-
6
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
3
3
-
14
-
1
1
4
-
1
1
1
-
10
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
10
10
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
1
-
3
3
-
14
-
1
1
4
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
673785
Lim
-
Purification and characterizat ...
Malus sp.
Food Sci. Biotechnol.
15
177-182
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
4
1
1
-
2
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
4
1
1
-
2
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674120
Matsuura
Tyrosinase inhibitory activity ...
Agaricus bisporus
J. Agric. Food Chem.
54
2309-2313
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674774
Matoba
Crystallographic evidence that ...
Beta vulgaris
J. Biol. Chem.
281
8981-8990
2006
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
2
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
1
-
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
2
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
1
-
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
675166
Dalmadi
-
Characterization and inactivat ...
Fragaria x ananassa
J. Food Biochem.
30
56-76
2006
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
2
-
1
-
2
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
2
-
3
-
1
-
3
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
2
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
1
-
1
2
-
3
-
1
-
3
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
675167
Ni Eidhinn
-
Polyphenol oxidase from apple ...
Malus domestica
J. Food Sci.
71
C51-C58
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
7
-
1
1
5
-
1
1
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
7
-
1
1
5
-
1
1
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
676381
Aclecio Melo
Polyphenoloxidase activity in ...
Coffea arabica, Coffea brevipes, Coffea canephora, Coffea eugenioides, Coffea guarini, Coffea kapakata, Coffea liberica, Coffea liberica var. dewevrei, Coffea racemosa, Coffea salvatrix, Coffea stenophylla
Phytochemistry
67
277-285
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
12
68
-
82
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
-
-
-
-
12
68
-
82
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
676649
Wuyts
Extraction and partial charact ...
Musa acuminata
Plant Physiol. Biochem.
44
308-314
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
8
-
-
-
3
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
6
1
-
10
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
8
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
1
-
6
1
-
10
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658960
Dogan
Characterization and purificat ...
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
776-785
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
4
-
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
3
1
-
5
1
3
-
3
-
3
-
-
-
1
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
1
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
1
-
5
1
3
-
3
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
671429
Hernandez-Romero
Polyphenol oxidase activity ex ...
Ralstonia solanacearum
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
71
6808-6815
2005
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
673001
Kim
Tyrosinase inhibitors from nat ...
Agaricus bisporus, Beta vulgaris, Homo sapiens, Neurospora crassa, Streptomyces glaucescens
Cell. Mol. Life Sci.
62
1707-1723
2005
-
2
-
-
-
-
142
-
1
10
6
8
-
5
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
20
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
40
-
2
-
5
-
-
-
40
142
-
-
1
10
6
8
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
20
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
673775
Dogan
-
Polyphenol oxidase activity of ...
Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum
Food Chem.
91
341-345
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
2
-
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
1
-
3
-
-
2
-
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
673783
Jang
-
Characterization of polyphenol ...
Solanum tuberosum
Food Sci. Biotechnol.
14
117-122
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
1
-
2
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
1
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
1
1
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674089
Dog An
Purification and characterizat ...
Ocimum basilicum
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
10224-10230
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
3
-
3
1
3
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
3
-
3
1
3
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674090
Orenes-Pinero
A kinetic study of p-cresol ox ...
Cydonia oblonga
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
1196-1200
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
3
1
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
1
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674092
Spagna
Characterization of a tomato p ...
Solanum lycopersicum
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
2032-2038
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
3
-
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
3
-
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674096
Rapeanu
Thermal and high-pressure inac ...
Vitis vinifera
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
2988-2994
2005
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674108
Gandia-Herrero
Differential activation of a l ...
Beta vulgaris
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
6825-6830
2005
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
674114
Gandia-Herrero
Characterization of the activi ...
Agaricus bisporus
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
9207-9212
2005
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
4
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
4
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
675076
Olianas
Tyrosinase activity and hemocy ...
Scyllarides latus
J. Comp. Physiol. B
175
405-411
2005
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
-
1
2
-
-
4
-
1
1
-
-
3
-
-
2
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
-
1
2
-
-
-
1
1
-
3
-
-
2
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
675101
Guelcin
Purification and characterizat ...
Urtica dioica
J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem.
20
297-302
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
5
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
6
-
1
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
6
-
1
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
675458
Garcia-Molina
-
Kinetic study of monophenol an ...
Agaricus bisporus, Neurospora crassa, Streptomyces glaucescens
J. Mol. Catal. B
32
185-192
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
30
-
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
30
-
-
-
-
28
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
30
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
30
-
-
-
-
28
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658150
Wang
Enzymatic characterization and ...
Sarcophaga bullata
Biochemistry (Moscow)
69
918-920
2004
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658788
Arslan
-
Purification of mulberry (Moru ...
Morus alba
Food Chem.
88
479-484
2004
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
4
1
2
-
3
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
4
1
2
-
3
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658952
Le Bourvellec
Inhibition of apple polyphenol ...
Malus domestica
J. Agric. Food Chem.
52
122-130
2004
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658955
Gandia-Herrero
Purification and characterizat ...
Beta vulgaris
J. Agric. Food Chem.
52
609-615
2004
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
3
-
2
1
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
3
-
2
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
659821
Xu
-
Purification and characterizat ...
Castanea henryi
J. Wood Sci.
50
260-265
2004
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
657987
Senior
Catecholase activity associate ...
Bos taurus
Biochemistry
42
4392-4397
2003
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
1
-
1
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658787
Billaud
-
Effect of glutathione and Mail ...
Malus domestica
Food Chem.
84
223-233
2003
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658789
Pruidze
-
Multiple forms of phenol oxida ...
Camellia sinensis, Mycelia sterilia, Mycelia sterilia IBR 35219/2
Food Res. Int.
36
587-595
2003
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
2
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
8
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
8
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658893
Jiang
Activation of tobacco leaf pol ...
Nicotiana tabacum
Indian J. Biochem. Biophys.
40
350-353
2003
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658894
Goswami
Purification of catecholase fr ...
Solanum melongena
Indian J. Biochem. Biophys.
40
442-446
2003
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
2
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658950
Yemenicioglu
Consistency of polyphenol oxid ...
Prunus armeniaca
J. Agric. Food Chem.
51
2371-2379
2003
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
440438
Shi
The purification of polyphenol ...
Nicotiana tabacum
Protein Expr. Purif.
24
51-55
2002
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
-
6
1
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
1
-
6
1
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
440439
Haase
Catecholase activity of a seri ...
Ipomoea batatas
Inorg. Chem.
41
1788-1794
2002
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
440440
Gerdemann
The crystal structure of catec ...
Embryophyta
Acc. Chem. Res.
35
183-191
2002
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
440441
Yamamoto
-
Purification and characterizat ...
Portulaca grandiflora
Plant Biotechnol.
19
95-101
2002
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
3
-
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
4
2
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
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10
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3
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5
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1
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1
1
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4
2
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2
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440442
Endo
A novel extracytoplasmic pheno ...
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1
2
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440437
Yang
Partial purification and chara ...
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4
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1
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2
1
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7
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1
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1
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4
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2
1
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7
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1
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1
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1
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1
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440433
Yang
Purification and characterizat ...
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1
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2
1
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8
1
1
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1
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1
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1
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5
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2
1
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8
1
1
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1
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1
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1
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440434
Paul
Purification and characterizat ...
Lablab purpureus
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3839-3846
2000
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-
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4
4
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2
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1
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1
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4
1
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1
1
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4
4
4
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2
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1
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4
1
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1
1
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440435
Gentschev
-
New functional models for cate ...
Ipomoea batatas
Inorg. Chim. Acta
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442-452
2000
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-
1
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2
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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440436
Mazzafera
Characterization of polyphenol ...
Coffea arabica
Phytochemistry
55
285-296
2000
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4
2
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1
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2
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4
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4
1
1
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1
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1
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4
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2
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1
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4
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4
1
1
-
1
-
1
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440432
Rompel
Substrate specificity of catec ...
Lycopus europaeus
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445
103-110
1999
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-
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1
9
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9
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9
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1
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9
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9
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9
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440431
Klabunde
Crystal structure of a plant c ...
Ipomoea batatas
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1084-1090
1998
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1
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440430
Dry
Molecular cloning and characte ...
Vitis vinifera
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495-502
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1
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2
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3
1
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3
1
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1
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440429
Palmieri
Stability and activity of a ph ...
Pleurotus ostreatus
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39
632-636
1993
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1
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440427
Motoda
-
Properties of polyphenol oxida ...
Alternaria alternata
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79-85
1979
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21
1
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1
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17
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21
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1
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1
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17
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440428
Motoda
Purification and some properti ...
Alternaria alternata, Alternaria alternata A-2
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71-78
1979
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1
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1
1
1
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1
1
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1
1
1
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1
1
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440426
Wong
Isolation and characterization ...
Prunus persica
Plant Physiol.
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1971
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4
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1
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10
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1
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4
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7
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4
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1
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1
1
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10
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1
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4
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