BRENDA - Enzyme Database
show all sequences of 1.1.1.219

Characterization of dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) genes and their association with cold and freezing stress in Brassica rapa

Ahmed, N.U.; Park, J.I.; Jung, H.J.; Yang, T.J.; Hur, Y.; Nou, I.S.; Gene 550, 46-55 (2014)

Data extracted from this reference:

Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
gene BrDFR10, on chromosome A06, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR11, on chromosome A03, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR12, on chromosome A08, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR1, on chromosome A02, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR2, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR3, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR3, on chromosome A02, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR4, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR5, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR6, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR7, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR8, on chromosome A06, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR9, on chromosome A06, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
34860
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
35420
-
;
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
35860
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
35910
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
36320
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
39650
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
40450
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
dihydrokaempferol + NADPH + H+
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
leucopelargonidin + NADP+
-
-
?
dihydromyricetin + NADPH + H+
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
leucodelphinidin + NADP+
-
-
?
dihydroquercetin + NADPH + H+
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
cis-3,4-leucocyanidin + NADP+
-
-
?
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4D235
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4DRB9
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4DU26
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4DU27
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4DU28
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4E380
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4E7I9
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4E7J1
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4E7J2
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4ECU0
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4ES88
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
M4FB76
cvs. Palgangbaechu, 8053, and Seoulbaechu
-
Source Tissue
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
flower bud
high expression level
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
leaf
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
additional information
organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis; organ-specific DFR expression analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
root
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
stem
weak expression
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
dihydrokaempferol + NADPH + H+
-
740507
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
leucopelargonidin + NADP+
-
-
-
?
dihydromyricetin + NADPH + H+
-
740507
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
leucodelphinidin + NADP+
-
-
-
?
dihydroquercetin + NADPH + H+
-
740507
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
cis-3,4-leucocyanidin + NADP+
-
-
-
?
Subunits
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 34760, sequence calculation; x * 34860, sequence calculation; x * 35420, sequence calculation; x * 35420, sequence calculation; x * 35520, sequence calculation; x * 35860, sequence calculation; x * 35910, sequence calculation; x * 36150, sequence calculation; x * 36320, sequence calculation; x * 39650, sequence calculation; x * 40450, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
More
sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview; sequence analysis and structure homology, overview
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NADPH
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
pI Value
Organism
Commentary
pI Value Maximum
pI Value
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.2
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.21
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.26
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.36
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.41
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.45
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.49
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.66
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.9
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
6.09
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
6.2
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
8.65
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
gene BrDFR1, on chromosome A02, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR10, on chromosome A06, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR11, on chromosome A03, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR12, on chromosome A08, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR2, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR3, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis; gene BrDFR3, on chromosome A02, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR4, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR5, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR6, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR7, on chromosome A09, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR8, on chromosome A06, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
gene BrDFR9, on chromosome A06, genotyping, DNA and amino acid sequence determination and analysis, sequence comparisons and phylogenetic tree, RT-PCR expression profiling of genotypes, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NADPH
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
34860
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
35420
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
35860
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
35910
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
36320
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
39650
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
40450
-
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
dihydrokaempferol + NADPH + H+
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
leucopelargonidin + NADP+
-
-
?
dihydromyricetin + NADPH + H+
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
leucodelphinidin + NADP+
-
-
?
dihydroquercetin + NADPH + H+
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
cis-3,4-leucocyanidin + NADP+
-
-
?
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
flower bud
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
flower bud
high expression level
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
leaf
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
additional information
organ-specific DFR expression analysis
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
root
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
stem
-
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
stem
weak expression
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
dihydrokaempferol + NADPH + H+
-
740507
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
leucopelargonidin + NADP+
-
-
-
?
dihydromyricetin + NADPH + H+
-
740507
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
leucodelphinidin + NADP+
-
-
-
?
dihydroquercetin + NADPH + H+
-
740507
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
cis-3,4-leucocyanidin + NADP+
-
-
-
?
Subunits (protein specific)
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 35520, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 34760, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 35420, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 36320, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 40450, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 35860, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 35910, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 36150, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 39650, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
?
x * 34860, sequence calculation
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
More
sequence analysis and structure homology, overview
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
pI Value (protein specific)
Organism
Commentary
pI Value Maximum
pI Value
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.2
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.21
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.26
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.36
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.41
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.45
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.49
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.66
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
5.9
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
6.09
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
6.2
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
sequence calculation
-
8.65
Expression
Organism
Commentary
Expression
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR10 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR2 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR3 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR4 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR5 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR6 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR8 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview; induction of gene BrDFR9 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
physiological function
BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress; BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
physiological function
BrDFR isozymes are regulated by two transcription factors, BrMYB2-2 and BrTT8, contrasting with anthocyanin accumulation and cold and freezing stress
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Expression (protein specific)
Organism
Commentary
Expression
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR2 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR3 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR4 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR5 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR6 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR8 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR9 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
induction of gene BrDFR10 by cold stress dependent on the genotypes, overview
up
Other publictions for EC 1.1.1.219
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
738059
Bulut
Screening, molecular cloning, ...
Komagataella phaffii, Komagataella phaffii GS115
ChemBioChem
17
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-
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1
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-
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-
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47
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-
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740511
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-
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-
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2
2
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741258
Wendell
The gene encoding dihydroflavo ...
Brassica rapa, Brassica rapa DWRCBr76
PLoS ONE
11
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2016
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-
-
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1
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1
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-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
-
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741135
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1
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3
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1
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High-throughput sequencing an ...
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Characterization of dihydrofla ...
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1
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7
36
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15
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5
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36
2
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1
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12
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12
12
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8
36
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36
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36
23
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12
1
1
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8
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40
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1
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1
3
2
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2
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10
10
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3
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30
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-
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20
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40
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2
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2
3
2
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-
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4
18
-
3
3
743524
Li
Flower color patterning in pa ...
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2
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3
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Functional characterization of ...
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