Information on EC 3.2.1.140 - lacto-N-biosidase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC3.2.1.140
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IUBMB Comments
The enzyme from Streptomyces specifically hydrolyses the terminal lacto-N-biosyl residue (beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-D-GlcNAc) from the non-reducing end of oligosaccharides with the structure beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-beta-D-GlcNAc-(1->3)-beta-D-Gal-(1->R). Lacto-N-hexaose (beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-beta-D-GlcNAc-(1->3)-beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-beta-D-GlcNAc-(1->3)-beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-D-Glc) is hydrolysed to form first lacto-N-tetraose plus lacto-N-biose, with the subsequent formation of lactose. Oligosaccharides in which the non-reducing terminal Gal or the penultimate GlcNAc are replaced by fucose or sialic acid are not substrates. Asialo GM1 tetraose (beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-beta-D-GalNAc-(1->3)-beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-D-Glc) is hydrolysed very slowly, but lacto-N-neotetraose (beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-beta-D-GalNAc-(1->3)-beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-D-Glc) is not a substrate
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
Synonyms
lacto-n-biosidase, lnbase, bllj_1505, bllj_1506, bblnbase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-beta-D-GlcNAc-(1->3)-beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-D-Glc + H2O = beta-D-Gal-(1->3)-D-GlcNAc + beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-D-Glc
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lacto-N-tetraose + H2O = lacto-N-biose + lactose
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