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Information on EC - phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.14.16.1
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IUBMB Comments
The active centre contains mononuclear iron(II). The reaction involves an arene oxide that rearranges to give the phenolic hydroxy group. This results in the hydrogen at C-4 migrating to C-3 and in part being retained. This process is known as the NIH-shift. The 4a-hydroxytetrahydropteridine formed can dehydrate to 6,7-dihydropteridine, both spontaneously and by the action of EC, 4a-hydroxytetrahydrobiopterin dehydratase. The 6,7-dihydropteridine must be enzymically reduced back to tetrahydropteridine, by EC, 6,7-dihydropteridine reductase, before it slowly rearranges into the more stable but inactive compound 7,8-dihydropteridine.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
phenylalanine hydroxylase, phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase, pheoh, phenylalanine 4-hydroxylase, phenylalanine monooxygenase, dicpah, cepah, l-phenylalanine 4-hydroxylase, more
L-phenylalanine + a 5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteridine + O2 = L-tyrosine + a 4a-hydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteridine
show the reaction diagram