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Information on EC 1.14.11.29 - hypoxia-inducible factor-proline dioxygenase

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IUBMB Comments
Contains iron, and requires ascorbate. Specifically hydroxylates a proline residue in HIF-alpha, the alpha subunit of the transcriptional regulator HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor), which targets HIF for proteasomal destruction. The requirement of oxygen for the hydroxylation reaction enables animals to respond to hypoxia.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Synonyms
EGLN, EGLN1, Egln2, EGLN3, factor inhibiting HIF, FIH, HIF hydroxylase, HIF prolyl, HIF prolyl 4-hydroxylase, HIF prolyl hydroxylase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
hypoxia-inducible factor-L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = hypoxia-inducible factor-trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2
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