show all | hide all No of entries

Information on EC - glutathione-dependent peroxiredoxin

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.11.1.27
Please wait a moment until all data is loaded. This message will disappear when all data is loaded.
EC Tree
     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.11 Acting on a peroxide as acceptor
             1.11.1 Peroxidases
       glutathione-dependent peroxiredoxin
IUBMB Comments
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a ubiquitous family of antioxidant proteins. They can be divided into three classes: typical 2-Cys, atypical 2-Cys and 1-Cys peroxiredoxins . The peroxidase reaction comprises two steps centred around a redox-active cysteine called the peroxidatic cysteine. All three peroxiredoxin classes have the first step in common, in which the peroxidatic cysteine attacks the peroxide substrate and is oxidized to S-hydroxycysteine (a sulfenic acid) (see {single/111115a::mechanism}). The second step of the peroxidase reaction, the regeneration of cysteine from S-hydroxycysteine, distinguishes the three peroxiredoxin classes. For typical 2-Cys Prxs, in the second step, the peroxidatic S-hydroxycysteine from one subunit is attacked by the 'resolving' cysteine located in the C-terminus of the second subunit, to form an intersubunit disulfide bond, which is then reduced by one of several cell-specific thiol-containing reductants completing the catalytic cycle. In the atypical 2-Cys Prxs, both the peroxidatic cysteine and its resolving cysteine are in the same polypeptide, so their reaction forms an intrachain disulfide bond. The 1-Cys Prxs conserve only the peroxidatic cysteine, so its regeneration involves direct interaction with a reductant molecule. Glutathione-dependent peroxiredoxins have been reported from bacteria and animals, and appear to be 1-Cys enzymes. The mechanism for the mammalian PRDX6 enzyme involves heterodimerization of the enzyme with pi-glutathione S-transferase, followed by glutathionylation of the oxidized cysteine residue. Subsequent dissociation of the heterodimer yields glutathionylated peroxiredoxin, which is restored to the active form via spontaneous reduction by a second glutathione molecule.
Specify your search results
Select one or more organisms in this record: ?
Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
pf1-cys-prx, peroxiredoxin vi, 1-cys prdx, hi0572, more
2 glutathione + ROOH = glutathione disulfide + H2O + ROH
show the reaction diagram
Select items on the left to see more content.