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Information on EC 1.1.1.272 - D-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (NADP+)

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.1.1.272
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IUBMB Comments
This enzyme, characterized from the halophilic archaeon Haloferax mediterranei and the mold Aspergillus oryzae, catalyses a stereospecific reduction of 2-oxocarboxylic acids into the corresponding D-2-hydroxycarboxylic acids. The enzyme prefers substrates with a main chain of 5 carbons (such as 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate) to those with a shorter chain, and can use NADH with much lower efficiency. cf. EC 1.1.1.345, (D)-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (NAD+).
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Archaea, Bacteria
Synonyms
(R)-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, (R)-sulfolactate dehydrogenase, (R)-sulfolactate:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase, 2-D-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, 2-HDH, D-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, D2-HDH, HDH, L-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, L-sulfolactate dehydrogenase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
an (R)-2-hydroxycarboxylate + NADP+ = a 2-oxocarboxylate + NADPH + H+
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