Information on EC 1.15.1.1 - superoxide dismutase

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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryota

EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY
1.15.1.1
-
RECOMMENDED NAME
GeneOntology No.
superoxide dismutase
-
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
active site, manganese-binding site and contact site between monomers; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
active site is not conserved, differing from others of Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
active site, manganese-binding site and contact site between monomers; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism; three-dimensional structure
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Cu2+-binding
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Anas platyrhynchos domestica
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A metalloprotein. Enzymes from most eukaryotes contain both copper and zinc, those from mitochondria and most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron. ligand binding site and structure
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A metalloprotein. Enzymes from most eukaryotes contain both copper and zinc, those from mitochondria and most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron. ligand binding site and structure; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A metalloprotein. Enzymes from most eukaryotes contain both copper and zinc, those from mitochondria and most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron. ligand binding site and structure; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
presence of a general acid and a general base in catalysis. Catalytic model requires histidine residues, metal-bound water molecules and two hydrated metal ions to operate in concert
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
the amino acid residues His46, His48, His63, His71, His80, and His120, and Asp83 in the active site are conserved as in other Cu/ZnSODs
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Acholeplasma laidlawii Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Anas platyrhynchos domestica CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Arthrospira platensis Fe-SOD, Aspergillus flavus CuZn-SOD, Aspergillus nidulans CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
the amino acid residues His46, His48, His63, His71, His80, and His120, and Asp83 in the active site are conserved as in other Cu/ZnSODs
Aspergillus niger 26
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Aspergillus niger CuZn-SOD, Aspergillus terreus CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism; mechanism; mechanism; three-dimensional structure
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Brassica rapa subsp. campestris Fe-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
Caulobacter vibrioides CB15
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism; mechanism
Caulobacter vibrioides CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Desulfovibrio gigas Fe-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
active site, manganese-binding site and contact site between monomers; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism; mechanism
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD, Escherichia coli Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
active site, manganese-binding site and contact site between monomers; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism; mechanism; mechanism
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Halobacterium salinarum NRL
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A metalloprotein. Enzymes from most eukaryotes contain both copper and zinc, those from mitochondria and most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron. ligand binding site and structure; amino acid composition, comparison; amino acid composition, comparison
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
Paracoccus denitrificans CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Photobacterium damselae Fe-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism; mechanism
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison; amino acid composition, comparison
Pisum sativum Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Pseudomonas putida Fe-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Rhodobacter sphaeroides Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison; mechanism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A metalloprotein. Enzymes from most eukaryotes contain both copper and zinc, those from mitochondria and most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron. ligand binding site and structure; amino acid composition, comparison; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison; mechanism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Sinorhizobium meliloti Rm5000
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
amino acid composition, comparison
Solanum lycopersicum Fe-SOD, Spinacia oleracea Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
mechanism
Thermoplasma acidophilum Fe-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
active site, manganese-binding site and contact site between monomers; amino acid sequence alignment and comparison
Thermus thermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
2 superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
REACTION TYPE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
oxidation
-
-
-
-
redox reaction
-
-
-
-
reduction
-
-
-
-
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes)
-
-
reactive oxygen species degradation
-
-
superoxide radicals degradation
-
-
non-pathway related
-
-
SYSTEMATIC NAME
IUBMB Comments
superoxide:superoxide oxidoreductase
A metalloprotein; also known as erythrocuprein, hemocuprein or cytocuprein. Enzymes from most eukaryotes contain both copper and zinc; those from mitochondria and most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron.
SYNONYMS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
APE0743
gene name
APE0743
Aeropyrum pernix DSM 11879
gene name
-
ASAC_0498
locus name
cambialistic superoxide dismutase
-
copper, zinc superoxide dismutase
-
-
copper, zinc superoxide dismutase
-
copper-zinc superoxide dismutase
-
-
-
-
copper-zinc superoxide dismutase
-
copper-zinc superoxide dismutase
-
-
copper/zinc superoxide dismutase
-
copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase
-
CtSOD
Chaetomium thermophilum HSAUP072651
gene name
-
Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase
Chaetomium thermophilum HSAUP072651
-
-
Cu, ZnSOD
Chaetomium thermophilum HSAUP072651
-
-
Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
-
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
Rattus norvegicus Wistar
-
-
-
Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu,ZnSOD
Burkholderia cenocepacia K56-2
-
-
-
Cu-Zn SOD
-
-
Cu-Zn SOD
-
-
Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
-
-
Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu/Zn SOD
-
-
Cu/Zn SOD
Kluyveromyces marxianus NBIMCC 1984
-
-
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
-
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
Kluyveromyces marxianus NBIMCC 1984
-
-
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1
-
-
Cu/Zn-SOD
-
-
Cu/Zn-SOD
Aspergillus niger 26
-
-
-
Cu/Zn-SOD
-
-
Cu/Zn-SOD
-
-
Cu/Zn-SOD
Humicola lutea 103
-
-
-
Cu/Zn-SOD
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
-
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
Aspergillus niger 26
-
-
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
Beauveria bassiana 2860
-
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
Humicola lutea 103
-
-
-
Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
-
cuprein
-
-
-
-
CuZn superoxide dismutase
-
CuZn superoxide dismutase 1
-
-
CuZn-SOD
-
-
CuZn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
CuZnSOD
-
gene name
cytocuprein
-
-
-
-
cytosolic manganese superoxide dismutase
-
dismutase, superoxide
-
-
-
-
EC-SOD
-
-
EC-SOD
-
extracellular superoxide dismutase
EC-SOD
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD, Homo sapiens Mn-SOD
-
extracellular superoxide dismutase
-
EC-SOD
-
-
ECSOD
-
-
erythrocuprein
-
-
-
-
extracellular CuZnSOD
-
extracellular superoxide dismutase
-
-
Fe-SOD
-
-
-
-
Fe-SOD
Sulfolobus solfataricus MT-4
-
-
-
Fe-superoxide dismutase
-
Fe-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Fe/MnSOD
-
-
-
ferrisuperoxide dismutase
-
-
-
-
hemocuprein
-
-
-
-
hepatocuprein
-
-
-
-
intracellular Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron SOD
-
-
iron superoxide dismutase
-
iron superoxide dismutase
-
iron superoxide dismutase
-
iron superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron superoxide dismutase
Sulfolobus solfataricus MT-4
-
-
-
iron-containing superoxide dismutase
-
iron-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron-containing superoxide dismutase
-
iron-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
-
iron-dependent superoxide dismutase
-
iron-superoxide dismutase
-
iron-superoxide dismutase
-
-
iron-superoxide dismutase
Sulfolobus solfataricus MT-4
-
-
-
KmSod1p
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
Danio rerio AB
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
-
manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
Bacillus cereus 905
-
-
manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
-
manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
-
mitMn-SOD
-
-
mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase
-
Mn-containing superoxide dismutase
-
-
Mn-SOD
-
-
-
-
Mn-SOD
Aspergillus niger 26
-
-
-
Mn-SOD
Danio rerio AB
-
-
Mn-SOD
-
-
Mn-SOD
Humicola lutea 103
-
-
-
Mn/Fe superoxide dismutase
-
MnSOD
Bacillus cereus 905
-
-
MnSOD
Chaetomium thermophilum CT2
-
-
-
MnSOD1
Bacillus cereus 905
-
-
nectarin I
-
-
PASOD
Pyrobaculum aerophilum IM2
-
-
perMn-SOD
-
-
SOD
-
-
-
-
SOD
Chaetomium thermophilum HSAUP072651
-
-
SOD
Geobacillus sp.
-
SOD
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
-
-
SOD
Rhodothermus sp.
-
-
SOD
Sulfolobus solfataricus Gtheta
-
-
-
SOD
Thermus filiformis ATCC 43280
-
-
SOD 1
-
-
SOD-1
-
-
-
-
SOD-2
-
-
-
-
SOD-3
-
-
-
-
SOD-4
-
-
-
-
SOD1
Beauveria bassiana 2860
-
-
SOD1
-
-
SOD1
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
-
-
SOD1
Rattus norvegicus Wistar
-
-
-
SOD2
-
-
SODA
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
-
-
SodB
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
-
-
SodC
Burkholderia cenocepacia K56-2
-
-
-
SodC
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
-
-
SODF
-
-
-
-
SODS
-
-
-
-
SSO0316
locus name
-
superoxidase dismutase
-
-
-
-
superoxide dismutase
Amphiprora kufferathii
-
-
superoxide dismutase
-
-
superoxide dismutase
Pibocella sp.
-
-
superoxide dismutase
Pibocella sp. MH3
-
-
-
superoxide dismutase
Sulfitobacter sp.
-
-
superoxide dismutase
Sulfitobacter sp. MH1
-
-
-
superoxide dismutase 1
-
-
superoxide dismutase 1
-
-
superoxide dismutase I
-
-
-
-
superoxide dismutase II
-
-
-
-
superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]
UniProt
superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]
UniProt
additional information
-
the enzyme belongs to the superoxide dismutase family of important antioxidant metalloenzymes that catalyze superoxide radicals from cellular oxidative metabolism into hydrogen peroxideand molecular oxygen
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER
COMMENTARY
9054-89-1
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
Acholeplasma laidlawii Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
; isolated from a terrestrial acidic hot spring, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia, gene ASAC_0498
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aeropyrum pernix DSM 11879
-
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aeropyrum pernix DSM 11879
-
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain LFI1238, gene sodB
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Amphiprora kufferathii
-
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Anas platyrhynchos domestica
Cu,Zn-SOD; Peking duck
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Anas platyrhynchos domestica CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
three types of Cu/ZNSOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
5 isozymes: SOD-II, SOD-III, SOD-IV, and SOD-V are Cu,Zn-SODs, SOD-I is a Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Arthrospira platensis Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
3 isozymes: Mn-SOD, Cu,Zn-SOD I and II
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aspergillus flavus CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aspergillus fumigatus CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aspergillus nidulans CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain 26
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aspergillus niger 26
strain 26
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aspergillus niger CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Aspergillus terreus CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Azotobacter chroococcum Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
MnSOD1; strain 905, isolated from wheat rhizosphere, colonizes wheat rhizosphere with large population size, gene sodA-1
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
MnSOD2; strain 905, isolated from wheat rhizosphere, colonizes wheat rhizosphere with large population size, gene sodA-2
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Bacillus cereus 905
MnSOD1; strain 905, isolated from wheat rhizosphere, colonizes wheat rhizosphere with large population size, gene sodA-1
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Bacillus cereus 905
MnSOD2; strain 905, isolated from wheat rhizosphere, colonizes wheat rhizosphere with large population size, gene sodA-2
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
IFO 3329; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Bacillus circulans Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
collected from soil and water samples from hot springs in Mae Hong Son Province of Thailand, gene sodA
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
collected from soil and water samples from hot springs in Mae Hong Son Province of Thailand, gene sodA
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
superoxide dismutase paralog lacking two Cu ligands and without enzymic activity
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
; Fe-SOD, when grown anaerobically
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Mn-SOD, O2-inducible
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
4 genes and 1 isozyme of MnSOD
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
5 genes and 7 isozymes of CuZnSOD
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene BbSod1
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Beauveria bassiana 2860
gene BbSod1
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform MnSOD, expressed in Escherichia coli
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
silkworm
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
commercial prepapration, enzyme additionally catalyzes the reductive decomposition of S-nitroso-L-glutathione in presence of thiols
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
commercial preparation
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
enzyme has a divalent-metal dependent nucleolytic activity, DNA-cleavage obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform SOD1
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; var. bullata sub var. gemmifera
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Brassica oleracea CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Brassica rapa subsp. campestris Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
; strain K56-2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Burkholderia cenocepacia K56-2
strain K56-2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isolated from a melioidosis patient in Korea
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isolated from a melioidosis patient in Korea
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
SOD-3 gene, Mn-SOD
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Canis lupus familiaris CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase, expressed in Escherichia coli
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; strain CB15
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Caulobacter vibrioides CB15
strain CB15
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Caulobacter vibrioides CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Chaetomium thermophilum CT2
strain CT2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Chaetomium thermophilum HSAUP072651
gene Ctsod
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cinnamomum camphora Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
cv. sugar baby
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Citrus limon CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu/ZnSOD; Cu/ZnSOD
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
expressed in Escherichia coli
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene CuZnSOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
3 isozymes; Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Crithidia fasciculata Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
ATCC 50050, a heterotrophic dinoflagellate, a multi-copy gene family comprising genes sod1-sod17 encoding FeSODs
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
FeSOD fragment; ATCC 50050, a heterotrophic dinoflagellate, a multi-copy gene family comprising genes sod1-sod17 encoding FeSODs
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform SOD2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Mn-SOD, and 2 isozymes of Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
expression in Escherichia coli with His-tag
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain AB
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Danio rerio AB
strain AB
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
a grass specie adapted to the extreme climate of the Maritime Antarctic
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Desulfovibrio gigas Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Dirofilaria immitis CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Drosophila melanogaster CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Empedobacter brevis CCM 2867
CCM 2867
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain IFO 3317
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Enterobacter aerogenes IFO 3317
strain IFO 3317
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Fe-SOD; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Fe-SOD; strain B
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
manganese superoxide dismutase
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Escherichia coli Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
collected from a tepid spring, 41C, pH 7.9, in Oguni-tyo, Kumamoto, Japan, gene sodA
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
collected from a tepid spring, 41C, pH 7.9, in Oguni-tyo, Kumamoto, Japan, gene sodA
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
A-101, A-217, A-364
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
several FeSOD and MnSOD isozymes
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Gallus gallus CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Geobacillus sp.
gene sod
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Fe-SOD: 2 isozymes, contains also Zn2+ and Cu2+; Mn-SOD, Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
IFO 3268, Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform MnSOD
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain NRL, enzyme is oxygen-inducible
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Halobacterium salinarum NRL
strain NRL, enzyme is oxygen-inducible
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
CCM 2833; Fe-SOD and Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Halomonas halmophila CCM 2833
CCM 2833
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
contains a single type A isozyme Fe-SOD encoded by gene sodB
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Heterometrus fulvipes Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
CuZn-type enzyme, expression in Escherichia coli
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
EC-SOD with Cu,Zn-SOD activity
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene sod-1
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
healthy Japanese and Caucasian individuals
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform hSOD3, expression in Pichia pastoris
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform MnSOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform SOD1
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
manganese superoxide dismutase
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
MnSOD
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
patients undergoing bypass graft surgery
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
patients with familial amyotrophic lateral scerosis FALS
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/usual interstitial pneumonia
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Homo sapiens Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain 103, isozymes Cu/Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Humicola lutea 103
strain 103, isozymes Cu/Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
fall webworm, gene sod
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
SOD1; strain L3, gene KmSod1
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain NBIMCC 1984
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
SOD1; strain L3, gene KmSod1
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Kluyveromyces marxianus NBIMCC 1984
strain NBIMCC 1984
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Lens culinaris CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Leptolyngbya boryana Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
expression in potato
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; var. diptera
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Marchantia paleacea CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Marinomonas sp.
strain NJ522
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain NJ522
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
cytMnSOD fragment; i.e. Penaeus japonicus
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
mtMnSOD fragment; i.e. Penaeus japonicus
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Methanobacterium bryantii Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain AZ, strict anaerobic methanogenic archaeon
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus AZ
strain AZ, strict anaerobic methanogenic archaeon
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicum
Fe-SOD, but features are similar to Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain SK1, DSM 8269
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain SK1, DSM 8269
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Microbacterium maritypicum NCMB 559
NCMB 559
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
scallop Mn-superoxide dismutase
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
homozygous LDL-receptor-knockout mice, heterozygous ob/+, and wild-type C57BL6 mice
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
infected with Salmonella typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
male C57BL/6 mice
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene sodA
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
CCM 2873
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Myroides odoratus CCM 2873
CCM 2873
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
adult, 3 isoforms
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
recombinant enzyme
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Neurospora crassa CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Neurospora crassa Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
nectarin I with Mn-SOD activity
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isozyme Cu,Zn-SODIII
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
no activity in Colwellia sp.
strain MH2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
no activity in Colwellia sp. MH3
strain MH2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
no activity in Giardia intestinalis
-
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain GUH-2; structural intermediate between Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD, Zn-containing
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Nocardia asteroides GUH-2
strain GUH-2
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
formerly Anabaena sp., strain PCC 7120
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Fe-SOD; sub spec. macrophyllum
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Nuphar lutea Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Paracoccus denitrificans CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Paracoccus denitrificans Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
intracellular parasite of the Eastern oyster crassostrea virginica
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Fe-SOD; subsp. piscicida, formerly Pasteurelle piscicida
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Photobacterium damselae Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; strain ATCC25521
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Photobacterium leiognathi ATCC25521
strain ATCC25521
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isolated from Euphorbia characias, isozymes SODI, SODII
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
five isozymes of MnSOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
expression of three enzyme isoforms
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Pibocella sp.
strain MH3
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Pibocella sp. MH3
strain MH3
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
from from the pearl farm in Tuticurin, south coast of India
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
4 isozymes: SOD-I, SOD-II, SOD-III, SOD-IV
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
expression in tobacco leaves, enzyme has superoxide dismutase activity, but no oxalate oxidase activity
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Pisum sativum Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Planomicrobium okeanokoites NCMB 561
NCMB 561
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Porphyridium purpureum Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
metal content depends on O2-concentration; structural intermediate between Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
structural intermediate between Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
structural intermediate between Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain PAO1
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Mn-SOD; strain DSM 1083
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
MnSOD encoded by gene sodA, and FeSOD encoded by gene sodB
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strains KT2440 and PAO1, gene sodB
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Pseudomonas putida Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Pyrobaculum aerophilum IM2
-
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Radix lethospermi
-
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
180 female Hanover Wistar rats
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isoform MnSOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
male rats
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
male Wistar rats
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Rattus norvegicus CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Rattus norvegicus Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Rattus norvegicus Wistar
male rats
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
aerobically grown; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Rhodobacter sphaeroides Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Rhodothermus sp.
strain XMH10
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain XMH10
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD; Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
Cu,Zn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
a human pathogenic fungus, strain 90.4595, gene sodC
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain Rm5000; structural intermediate between Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sinorhizobium meliloti Rm5000
strain Rm5000
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD: 2 isozymes I and II
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Solanum lycopersicum Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
collected from Qinglangang Mangrove Reserve, Wenchang, Hainan, China
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Spinacia oleracea Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
2 isoenzymes I and II
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sulfitobacter sp.
strain MH1
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sulfitobacter sp. MH1
strain MH1
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain DSM 639
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain DSM 639, gene adk
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
oxygen-inducible, extracellular Fe-SOD; strain Gtheta
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain MT-4, ATCC 49255
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sulfolobus solfataricus Gtheta
strain Gtheta
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sulfolobus solfataricus MT-4
strain MT-4, ATCC 49255
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Large White boars
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene sodA
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
MnSOD
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
var. levisporus
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
var. levisporus, gene sod
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Thermomyces lanuginosus P134
strain P134
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Thermoplasma acidophilum Fe-SOD
Fe-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Thermus aquaticus Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Thermus filiformis ATCC 43280
-
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Mn-SOD; strain HB8
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
recombinant protein, isolation as metal-free apoprotein
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Thermus thermophilus Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
cv. HD2329
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
iron superoxide dismutase A
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
iron superoxide dismutase B1
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
iron superoxide dismutase B2
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
iron superoxide dismutase C
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
isolated from a hot spring sample
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Virgibacillus halodenitrificans Mn-SOD
Mn-SOD
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
RSS-30 chemotype
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cu,Zn-SOD: 3 isozymes AA, AB, BB
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
genes sodA, sodB, and sodC
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
gene sodA
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
gene sodC
Uniprot
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
genes sodA, sodB, and sodC
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
SOD-I
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
SOD-III; SOD-II, SOD-IV both belonging to Cu,Zn-SODs
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Zea mays SOD-I
SOD-I
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Zea mays SOD-III
SOD-III
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
GENERAL INFORMATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
evolution
two Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase family signature sequences exist in the deduced amino acid sequence of the superoxide dismutase: signature 1 consensus sequences [GA]-[IMFAT]-H-[LIVF]-H-{S}-x-[GP]-[SDG]-x-[STAGDE], and signature 2 consensus sequences G-[GNHD]-[SGA]-[GR]-x-R-x-[SGAWRV]-C-x(2)-[IV]
evolution
Leptopilina SOD3 clusters with predicted extracellular insect Cu,Zn-SODs, phylogenetic analysis; Leptopilina SOD3 clusters with predicted extracellular insect Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutases, phylogenetic analysis
evolution
Leptopilina SOD3 clusters with predicted extracellular insect Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutases, phylogenetic analysis; Leptopilina SOD3 clusters with predicted extracellular insect Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutases, phylogenetic analysis
physiological function
-
the exogenous manganese superoxide dismutase is able to modify the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species by eliminating superoxide anion and producing hydrogen peroxide. The cell viability of the two tumoral cell lines, porcine aortic endothelial cells and B16F0 mouse melanoma cells, exposed to the enzyme, is not significantly affected but the cell multiplication is arrested. The enzyme is involved in the control of several biological processes including cell proliferation
physiological function
SOD detoxifies the highly reactive superoxide anions to hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen
physiological function
-
superoxide dismutases play a protective role against oxidative stress by catalyzing disproportionation of the superoxide anion radical to hydrogen peroxide and dioxygen
physiological function
-
protection by recombinant Cp-icCuZnSOD against alcohol-injury in human hepatocyte L02 cell line
physiological function
-
expression and activity of the mitochondrial P450 system along with substrate availability may contribute to mitochondrial function regulation via activation of IMS SOD1. Activation of intermembrane space SOD1 after incubation of rat liver intact mitochondria with P450 substrates significantly prevents the loss of aconitase activity in the mitochondrial matrix, general mechanism for the SOD1 activation mediated by P450 enzymes, overview
physiological function
-
manganese superoxide dismutase enzymes catalyze superoxide disproportionation by a mechanism that is more complex than those of the other SOD types. In particular the reduction of superoxide can proceed via one of two pathways. One pathway dominates when the O2- concentration is low relative to the enzyme concentration, and the other pathway dominates when the ratio [O2-]/[MnSOD] is high, overview
physiological function
the enzyme may play essential roles for survival of the parasite not only by protecting itself from endogenous oxidative stress, but also by detoxifying oxidative killing of the parasite by host immune effector cells
physiological function
different SOD isozymes might play different roles in the developmental and tissue-specific regulation, the higher SOD activity in the middle part of the shoots can scavenge the fast-producing reactive oxygen species because it is the most abundant cell-division region; different SOD isozymes might play different roles in these developmental, the higher SOD activity in the middle part of the shoots can scavenge the fast-producing reactive oxygen species because it is the most abundant cell-division region
physiological function
detoxification of superoxide
physiological function
-
the enzyme may play an important role as an antioxidant in a wide temperature range
physiological function
PgCuZnSOD plays a functional role in conferring oxidative stress tolerance to prokaryotic system
physiological function
superoxide dismutases are considered key enzymes in the control of oxidative stress because they can protect oxygen-metabolizing cells against the harmful effects of superoxide free radicals
physiological function
the enzyme may play an important role in the innate immune system of hard clam
physiological function
-
purified SOD from the root of Stemona tuberosa shows biological activity on in vitro cell proliferation of skin fibroblast cells from humans
physiological function
-
superoxide dismutases are considered key enzymes in the control of oxidative stress because they can protect oxygen-metabolizing cells against the harmful effects of superoxide free radicals
-
physiological function
-
the enzyme may play an important role as an antioxidant in a wide temperature range
-
physiological function
Rattus norvegicus Wistar
-
expression and activity of the mitochondrial P450 system along with substrate availability may contribute to mitochondrial function regulation via activation of IMS SOD1. Activation of intermembrane space SOD1 after incubation of rat liver intact mitochondria with P450 substrates significantly prevents the loss of aconitase activity in the mitochondrial matrix, general mechanism for the SOD1 activation mediated by P450 enzymes, overview
-
malfunction
-
MnSOD ala16val polymorphism is associated with various diseases including breast cancer
additional information
-
CpSOD contains an intracellular disulfide bond and two CuZnSOD family signatures
additional information
-
the chimeric protein MnSOD-VHb is a dimer, in which the two subunits are associated via interaction between the SOD portions, since MnSOD monomers show a 40fold reduction in activity, but our chimeric MnSOD-VHb retained 84% activity compared to native MnSOD
additional information
-
different values of the Mn/Fe ratio in the active site prove that the type of metal is crucial for the regulation of the activity of recombinant SmSOD, cambialistic nature of SmSOD, overview
additional information
three-dimensional structure modelling, overview. The active site is surrounded by aromatic amino acid residues Trp131, Trp84, Phe168, Tyr139, and Tyr83 and is localized near the potential contact of monomers in the dimer
additional information
structure analysis by molecular replacement using human mitochondrial MnSOD variant, PDB ID 1var, modelling
additional information
-
molecular metal specificity mechanism of th enzyme, overview
additional information
-
residues involved in the active site are H28, Y36, H82, Q149, D164, and H168, which are completely conserved in the EgMnSOD
additional information
overexpression of PgCuZnSOD confers comparatively enhanced tolerance to methyl viologen induced oxidative stress in bacteria. Homology structure modeling of PgCuZnSOD, overview
additional information
-
active site Cys. Infection with pathogen Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici alters the kinetic properties of the cell wall enzyme
additional information
MnSOD47 contains the decapod crustacean signature (DXWEHXXY), which is a specific characteristic of Mn-superoxide dismutase
additional information
the amount of enzyme required to inhibit 50% of pyrogallol autoxidation is 0.41, 0.56 and 13.73 mg at 65C, 70C, and 80C, respectively
additional information
the enzyme sequence contains an intracellular disulfide bond and two Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase signatures
additional information
secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism, overview; secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism, overview; secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism, overview
additional information
-
no evidence for the presence of either iron or copper/zinc SODs in Phytophthora cinnamomi
additional information
Geobacillus sp.
Geobacillus sp. EPT3 SOD contains the LPPLPYRYDALEP sequence, which is identical to the conserved amino acid sequence (LPXLPYXXXXLEP) found at the N-terminal region of many Mn-SODs
additional information
-
MnSOD47 contains the decapod crustacean signature (DXWEHXXY), which is a specific characteristic of Mn-superoxide dismutase
-
additional information
-
residues involved in the active site are H28, Y36, H82, Q149, D164, and H168, which are completely conserved in the EgMnSOD
-
additional information
-
Geobacillus sp. EPT3 SOD contains the LPPLPYRYDALEP sequence, which is identical to the conserved amino acid sequence (LPXLPYXXXXLEP) found at the N-terminal region of many Mn-SODs
-
additional information
-
different values of the Mn/Fe ratio in the active site prove that the type of metal is crucial for the regulation of the activity of recombinant SmSOD, cambialistic nature of SmSOD, overview
-
additional information
Thermus filiformis ATCC 43280
-
the amount of enzyme required to inhibit 50% of pyrogallol autoxidation is 0.41, 0.56 and 13.73 mg at 65C, 70C, and 80C, respectively
-
additional information
Yersinia enterocolitica IP27366
-
secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism, overview; secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism, overview; secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism, overview
-
SUBSTRATE
PRODUCT                      
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate)
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product)
LITERATURE
(Product)
Reversibility
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
ir
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
superoxide dismutase is a key enzyme for the protection of aerobic organisms against toxic radicals produced during oxidative processes, dismutation of superoxide in a two-step reaction: 1. O2.- + Fe3+-SOD = O2 + Fe2+-SOD, 2. O2.- + Fe2+-SOD + 2 H+ = H2O2 + Fe3+-SOD
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
activity determination by the epinephrine assay: at alkaline pH, superoxide anion O2- causes the oxidation of epinephrine to adrenochrome, SOD competes with this reaction by decreasing the adrenochrome formation
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
enzyme activity assay by measurement of inhibition of reduction of cytochrome c by O2- produced by the xanthine oxidase/xanthine reaction
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
enzyme activity determination by xanthine-xanthine oxidase-nitro blue tetrazolium assay
-
ir
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Kluyveromyces marxianus NBIMCC 1984
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Danio rerio AB
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Sulfolobus solfataricus Gtheta
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
the SOD-catalyzed reaction proceeds through a redox cycle of metal ions, active site geometry, overview
-
?
nitro blue tetrazolium + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
nitro blue tetrazolium + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
Nitroblue Tetrazolium + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
Marinomonas sp., Marinomonas sp. NJ522
-
enzyme inhibits superoxide-induced reduction of colorless Nitroblue Tetrazolium dye to its oxidized blue formazan form
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicum
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Anas platyrhynchos domestica
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Radix lethospermi
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
Mn-SOD is unaffected by H2O2
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
Mn-SOD is unaffected by H2O2
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Mn-SOD, expression is strongly stimulated during stationary phase in cell culture, enzyme is atypical and plays an important role in cell protection against reactive oxygen in the cytosol in the stationary phase
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rattus norvegicus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rattus norvegicus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Drosophila melanogaster CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Drosophila melanogaster CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Azotobacter chroococcum Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Thermus thermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Thermus thermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Spinacia oleracea Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Halomonas halmophila CCM 2833
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Gallus gallus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Acholeplasma laidlawii Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus AZ
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Pisum sativum Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Pisum sativum Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Pisum sativum Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Empedobacter brevis CCM 2867
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Solanum lycopersicum Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Methanobacterium bryantii Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Brassica oleracea CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
r
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Leptolyngbya boryana Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium damselae Fe-SOD
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Arthrospira platensis Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Lens culinaris CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Caulobacter vibrioides CuZn-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Caulobacter vibrioides CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Porphyridium purpureum Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Marchantia paleacea CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Caulobacter vibrioides CB15
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Pseudomonas putida Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Pseudomonas putida Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus niger CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Nocardia asteroides GUH-2
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Planomicrobium okeanokoites NCMB 561
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium leiognathi ATCC25521
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus nidulans CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Canis lupus familiaris CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bacillus circulans Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Desulfovibrio gigas Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Neurospora crassa CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Neurospora crassa CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Zea mays SOD-III
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Mn-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Paracoccus denitrificans CuZn-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Paracoccus denitrificans CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Thermus aquaticus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Nuphar lutea Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Myroides odoratus CCM 2873
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
-
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
r
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rhodobacter sphaeroides Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Zea mays SOD-I
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Microbacterium maritypicum NCMB 559
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Paracoccus denitrificans Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Dirofilaria immitis CuZn-SOD
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Enterobacter aerogenes IFO 3317
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus flavus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Crithidia fasciculata Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
Mn-SOD is unaffected by H2O2
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
Mn-SOD is unaffected by H2O2
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Sinorhizobium meliloti Rm5000
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Heterometrus fulvipes Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Virgibacillus halodenitrificans Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Thermomyces lanuginosus P134
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Neurospora crassa Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Thermoplasma acidophilum Fe-SOD
-
-
Fe-SODs are inhibited by H2O2, but Mn-SODs are not
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rattus norvegicus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rattus norvegicus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rattus norvegicus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Brassica rapa subsp. campestris Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Homo sapiens Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Halobacterium salinarum NRL
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Anas platyrhynchos domestica CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus terreus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus fumigatus CuZn-SOD
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Sulfolobus solfataricus Gtheta
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2.- + 4-[3-(4-iodophenyl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-2H-5-tetrazolio]-1,3-benzene disulfonate
?
show the reaction diagram
i.e. WST-1, activity assay detection method
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rhodothermus sp.
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
a key enzyme for fighting oxidative stress
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
a metalloenzyme that eliminates superoxide radicals by dismutation into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
Cu,ZnSOD is a urinary marker of hepatic necrosis, but not hepatic fibrosis, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
Deinococcus radiodurans Mn-SOD is most effective at high superoxide fluxes found under conditions of high radioactivity compared to te enzyme of Escherichia coli and Homo sapiens
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
EC-SOD plays an important role in regulating inflammatory responses to pulmonary injury, EC-SOD binds directly to hyaluronic acid and may inhibit pulmonary inflammation in part by preventing superoxide-mediated fragmentation of hyaluronan to low molecular mass fragments, thereby preventing activation of polymorphic neutrophil chemotaxis by fragmented hyaluronic acid, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
EC-SOD plays an important role in regulating inflammatory responses to pulmonary injury, EC-SOD binds directly to hyaluronic acid via its matrix-binding domain and may inhibit pulmonary inflammation in part by preventing superoxide-mediated fragmentation of hyaluronan to low molecular mass fragments
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
enzyme inhibition by tetrathiomolybdate leads to antiangiogenic and antitumour effects in mice
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
extracellular superoxide dismutase accelerates endothelial recovery and inhibits in-stent restenosis in stented atherosclerotic Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit aorta. Extracellular superoxide dismutase, EC-SOD, is a major component of antioxidative defense in blood vessels, and exogenously delivered EC-SOD protects against balloon-induced neointima formation and constrictive remodeling and has powerful cardioprotective properties, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
isozyme MnSOD1, the product of sodA-1 gene, is expressed at lower level compared to MnSOD2, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
isozyme MnSOD2, encoded by sodA-2, plays a more important role in antioxidative stress compared to MnSOD1, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
periplasmic Cu,ZnSOD protects the bacterium from exogenously generated O2.- and contributes to intracellular survival of the bacterium in macrophages
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
rosuvastatin induces the enzyme in aortic extracts and restores the enzyme expression in mice with combined leptin and LDL-receptor deficiency, and in THP-1 macrophages and foam cells in vitro, thus, SOD1 is a potentially important mediator of the prevention of oxLDL accumulation within atherosclerotic plaques, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
SOD is a regulatory enzyme involved in the degradation of superoxide anions in living organisms
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
SOD is a regulatory enzyme involved in the degradation of superoxide anions in living organisms
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
SOD1 induces Ca2+ in the cell and inhibits ERK phosphorylation in the P-ERK1/2 pathway by muscarinic receptor M1 modulation in rat pituitary GH3 cells, the effect is enhanced by oxotremorine and partially reverted by pyrenzepine, and independent from increased intracellular calcium concentration, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme catalyzes the disproportionation of superoxide via its Cu ion redox cycle [Cu-(II)/Cu(I)], protecting the organism from oxidative stress, while the neighboring Zn ion plays a structural role
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
the enzyme contributes to the virulence of many human-pathogenic fungi through its ability to neutralize toxic levels of reactive oxygen species generated by the host
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme is important in defense of cells against oxidative stress
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme is involved in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, HPV, an important physiological mechanism, which is regulated by changes in the production of and interactions among reactive oxygen species, mechanism, overview, the superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol inhibits HPV, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme mutation E93A leads to a decrease in muscle cdk5 activity accompanied by a significant reduction in MyoD and cyclin D1 levels causing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a primarily a motor neuron disorder with early muscle denervation preceding motor neuron loss, the progressive deterioration of muscle function is potentiated by altered muscle biochemistry in these mice at a very young, presymptomatic age, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme prevents the inhibition of human CYP3A4, UGT1A6, and P-glycoprotein with halogenated xanthene food dyes, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
the conserved, active-site residue Tyr34 mediates product inhibition
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bacillus cereus 905
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bacillus cereus 905
isozyme MnSOD2, encoded by sodA-2, plays a more important role in antioxidative stress compared to MnSOD1, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bacillus cereus 905
isozyme MnSOD1, the product of sodA-1 gene, is expressed at lower level compared to MnSOD2, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Burkholderia cenocepacia K56-2
-
periplasmic Cu,ZnSOD protects the bacterium from exogenously generated O2.- and contributes to intracellular survival of the bacterium in macrophages
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus niger 26
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Humicola lutea 103
-
-
-
?
pyrogallol + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
pyrogallol + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
-
enzyme inhibits the autooxidation of pyrogallol
-
-
?
pyrogallol + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
enzyme inhibits the autooxidation of pyrogallol
-
-
?
riboflavin + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
riboflavin + ?
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
2 superoxide + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
detoxification of superoxide
-
?
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme can reduce ferrocyanide to ferricyanide at pH 5.0-8.7
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
addition of hexacyanoferrate results in reduction of Cu(II) to Cu(I)
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
dismutation of superoxide anions is promoted by reduction of Cu2+ to Cu+
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
Cu,Zn-dependent enzyme protects photoheterotrophic cells from periplasmic superoxide generated by exposure to low O2 under illuminated conditions
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme is involved in pathogenesis of the parasite by protecting it from oxidative killing
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme Sod2 is a major component of the antioxidant defense system, and adaptation to elevated growth temperatures is also dependent on enzyme activity
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
higher levels of oxidative stress may induce changes in photochemicla efficiency of photosystem II
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
MnSOD may have a specific role in the steroidogenic function of the fasciulata/reticularis of the rat adrenal, but not on that of the glomerulosa
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
superoxide dismutase activity in Pseudomonas putida affects utilization of sugars and growth on root surfaces, role of SOD in root colonization and oxidative stress, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme is required for virulence of the organism, e.g. in silkworm Bombyx mori, with iron-SOD being more important, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
covalent modification of the conserved Tyr41 in the active site, Tyr41 and His155 are involved in catalysis, hydrogen bond network including three solvent molecules connecting the iron-ligating hydroxide ion via H155 with F41 and H37, Y41 and H155 are important for the structural and functional properties of SOD, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
Fe2+-containing active site structure, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
native and recombinant enzyme ossess a covalent modification of the conserved Tyr41 in the active site, Tyr41 plays an important role in the enzyme activity and the maintenance of the structural architecture of SOD, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
unusual covalent modification of the conserved Tyr41 in the active site, interactions Tyr41-His155, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
EC-SOD protects the lung in both bleomycin- and asbestos-induced models of pulmonary fibrosis
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
inverse relationship between SOD1 expression and ox-LDL in plaque plays a role in oxidative stress contributes to post-ischaemic injury in the heart, increasing SOD1 protects against this increased oxidative stress
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of recombinant human superoxide dismutase covalently linked to lecithin in healthy Japanese and Caucasian volunteers are nonlinear with dose, showing a relatively long half-life of PC-SOD of over 24 hours, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of single rising doses up to 80 mg of recombinant human superoxide dismutase covalently linked to lecithin in healthy white volunteers, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
SOD activity is one major defense line against oxidative stress for all of the aerobic organisms
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
SOD inhibits the autoxidation of pyrogallol
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme activity determination by NBT reduction
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
SOD activity measurement by the ferricytochrome c method, using xanthine/xanthine oxidase as the source of superoxide radicals
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
SOD activity measurement using the nitroblue tetrazolium
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme is involved in activation and modulation of phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinases proteins and in the control of several biological processes including cell proliferation
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
coupled assay method using inhibition of the autooxidation of pyrogallol
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme activity assay using nitroblue tetrazolium and riboflavin
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
SOD enzyme activity measurement is based on the inhibition of nitroblue tetrazolium reduction by superoxide radical generated by xanthine/xanthine oxidase
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
determination of superoxide dismutase is performed using the method of inhibition of epinephrine auto-oxidation in alkaline medium and the measurement of the absorbance of the resulting product at 340 nm
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme activity is measured byy the enzyme caused inhibition of the xanthine oxidase coupling reaction
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
SOD activity is assayed based on its ability to compete with nitroblue-tetrazolium for superoxide anions generated by the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system, which in turn results in the inhibition of reduction of nitroblue-tetrazolium
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
SOD activity is determined by a modified method of inhibition of cytochrome c reduction in a xanthine/xanthine oxidase system generating superoxide ions
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
superoxide dismutase activity is measured by the inhibition of nitro blue tetrazolium reduction in the presence of the superoxide anion generated by the xanthine and xanthine oxidase system
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme activity is determined by measuring by inhibition of autooxidation of pyrogallol
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
the enzyme assay measures the enzyme's ability to inhibit the oxidation of hydroxylamine catalyzed by the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Rattus norvegicus CuZn-SOD
-
dismutation of superoxide anions is promoted by reduction of Cu2+ to Cu+
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
enzyme can reduce ferrocyanide to ferricyanide at pH 5.0-8.7
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
addition of hexacyanoferrate results in reduction of Cu(II) to Cu(I)
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
SOD activity is one major defense line against oxidative stress for all of the aerobic organisms
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Aspergillus niger 26
-
SOD activity measurement using the nitroblue tetrazolium
-
-
-
NATURAL SUBSTRATES
NATURAL PRODUCTS
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate)
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product)
LITERATURE
(Product)
REVERSIBILITY
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
ir
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Q2TV65
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
C7DRQ4
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
B6ENP9
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
D9Q0R7
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
F8V325
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
E9LK91
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A3NS93
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
superoxide dismutase is a key enzyme for the protection of aerobic organisms against toxic radicals produced during oxidative processes
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
E9LK91
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Kluyveromyces marxianus NBIMCC 1984
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A3NS93
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Danio rerio AB
Q2TV65
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Sulfolobus solfataricus Gtheta
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2 O2.- + 2 H+ +
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Q9Y8H8
the SOD-catalyzed reaction proceeds through a redox cycle of metal ions, active site geometry, overview
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Q96UT6
Mn-SOD, expression is strongly stimulated during stationary phase in cell culture, enzyme is atypical and plays an important role in cell protection against reactive oxygen in the cytosol in the stationary phase
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bos taurus CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Caulobacter vibrioides CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Caulobacter vibrioides CuZn-SOD, Caulobacter vibrioides CB15
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Escherichia coli Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Paracoccus denitrificans CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Dirofilaria immitis CuZn-SOD
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae CuZn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Thermoplasma acidophilum Fe-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mn-SOD
-
-
-
?
O2- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Sulfolobus solfataricus Gtheta
-
defense against oxidants
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
P04179
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
P00441
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Q6QGY4
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Q1HDV5
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Rhodothermus sp.
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Q52JH6
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
B0B552
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
a key enzyme for fighting oxidative stress
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
B0L421, B2KYC6, B2KYC9
a metalloenzyme that eliminates superoxide radicals by dismutation into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
Cu,ZnSOD is a urinary marker of hepatic necrosis, but not hepatic fibrosis, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
Deinococcus radiodurans Mn-SOD is most effective at high superoxide fluxes found under conditions of high radioactivity compared to te enzyme of Escherichia coli and Homo sapiens
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
EC-SOD plays an important role in regulating inflammatory responses to pulmonary injury, EC-SOD binds directly to hyaluronic acid and may inhibit pulmonary inflammation in part by preventing superoxide-mediated fragmentation of hyaluronan to low molecular mass fragments, thereby preventing activation of polymorphic neutrophil chemotaxis by fragmented hyaluronic acid, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
EC-SOD plays an important role in regulating inflammatory responses to pulmonary injury, EC-SOD binds directly to hyaluronic acid via its matrix-binding domain and may inhibit pulmonary inflammation in part by preventing superoxide-mediated fragmentation of hyaluronan to low molecular mass fragments
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
enzyme inhibition by tetrathiomolybdate leads to antiangiogenic and antitumour effects in mice
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
extracellular superoxide dismutase accelerates endothelial recovery and inhibits in-stent restenosis in stented atherosclerotic Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit aorta. Extracellular superoxide dismutase, EC-SOD, is a major component of antioxidative defense in blood vessels, and exogenously delivered EC-SOD protects against balloon-induced neointima formation and constrictive remodeling and has powerful cardioprotective properties, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A6MHS2, Q6QHT3
isozyme MnSOD1, the product of sodA-1 gene, is expressed at lower level compared to MnSOD2, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A6MHS2, Q6QHT3
isozyme MnSOD2, encoded by sodA-2, plays a more important role in antioxidative stress compared to MnSOD1, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
periplasmic Cu,ZnSOD protects the bacterium from exogenously generated O2.- and contributes to intracellular survival of the bacterium in macrophages
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
rosuvastatin induces the enzyme in aortic extracts and restores the enzyme expression in mice with combined leptin and LDL-receptor deficiency, and in THP-1 macrophages and foam cells in vitro, thus, SOD1 is a potentially important mediator of the prevention of oxLDL accumulation within atherosclerotic plaques, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
SOD is a regulatory enzyme involved in the degradation of superoxide anions in living organisms
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
A7BI63
SOD is a regulatory enzyme involved in the degradation of superoxide anions in living organisms
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
SOD1 induces Ca2+ in the cell and inhibits ERK phosphorylation in the P-ERK1/2 pathway by muscarinic receptor M1 modulation in rat pituitary GH3 cells, the effect is enhanced by oxotremorine and partially reverted by pyrenzepine, and independent from increased intracellular calcium concentration, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme catalyzes the disproportionation of superoxide via its Cu ion redox cycle [Cu-(II)/Cu(I)], protecting the organism from oxidative stress, while the neighboring Zn ion plays a structural role
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
B6QEB3
the enzyme contributes to the virulence of many human-pathogenic fungi through its ability to neutralize toxic levels of reactive oxygen species generated by the host
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme is important in defense of cells against oxidative stress
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme is involved in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, HPV, an important physiological mechanism, which is regulated by changes in the production of and interactions among reactive oxygen species, mechanism, overview, the superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol inhibits HPV, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme mutation E93A leads to a decrease in muscle cdk5 activity accompanied by a significant reduction in MyoD and cyclin D1 levels causing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a primarily a motor neuron disorder with early muscle denervation preceding motor neuron loss, the progressive deterioration of muscle function is potentiated by altered muscle biochemistry in these mice at a very young, presymptomatic age, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme prevents the inhibition of human CYP3A4, UGT1A6, and P-glycoprotein with halogenated xanthene food dyes, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bacillus cereus 905
A6MHS2, Q6QHT3
isozyme MnSOD2, encoded by sodA-2, plays a more important role in antioxidative stress compared to MnSOD1, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Bacillus cereus 905
A6MHS2, Q6QHT3
isozyme MnSOD1, the product of sodA-1 gene, is expressed at lower level compared to MnSOD2, overview
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
B0B552
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Burkholderia cenocepacia K56-2
-
periplasmic Cu,ZnSOD protects the bacterium from exogenously generated O2.- and contributes to intracellular survival of the bacterium in macrophages
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Aspergillus niger 26
-
-
-
?
O2.- + H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
Humicola lutea 103
-
-
-
?
2 superoxide + 2 H+
O2 + H2O2
show the reaction diagram
O29903
detoxification of superoxide
-
?
additional information
?
-
-
Cu,Zn-dependent enzyme protects photoheterotrophic cells from periplasmic superoxide generated by exposure to low O2 under illuminated conditions
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme is involved in pathogenesis of the parasite by protecting it from oxidative killing
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
enzyme Sod2 is a major component of the antioxidant defense system, and adaptation to elevated growth temperatures is also dependent on enzyme activity
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
higher levels of oxidative stress may induce changes in photochemicla efficiency of photosystem II
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
MnSOD may have a specific role in the steroidogenic function of the fasciulata/reticularis of the rat adrenal, but not on that of the glomerulosa
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
superoxide dismutase activity in Pseudomonas putida affects utilization of sugars and growth on root surfaces, role of SOD in root colonization and oxidative stress, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme is required for virulence of the organism, e.g. in silkworm Bombyx mori, with iron-SOD being more important, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
EC-SOD protects the lung in both bleomycin- and asbestos-induced models of pulmonary fibrosis
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
inverse relationship between SOD1 expression and ox-LDL in plaque plays a role in oxidative stress contributes to post-ischaemic injury in the heart, increasing SOD1 protects against this increased oxidative stress
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of recombinant human superoxide dismutase covalently linked to lecithin in healthy Japanese and Caucasian volunteers are nonlinear with dose, showing a relatively long half-life of PC-SOD of over 24 hours, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of single rising doses up to 80 mg of recombinant human superoxide dismutase covalently linked to lecithin in healthy white volunteers, overview
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
B0B552
SOD activity is one major defense line against oxidative stress for all of the aerobic organisms
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
SOD inhibits the autoxidation of pyrogallol
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme is involved in activation and modulation of phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinases proteins and in the control of several biological processes including cell proliferation
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Kluyveromyces marxianus L3
B0B552
SOD activity is one major defense line against oxidative stress for all of the aerobic organisms
-
-
-
COFACTOR
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
additional information
-
a liganding water molecule is evident
-
METALS and IONS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
Al3+
-
activates by 10% at 10 mM
Ca2+
-
study on affinity for enzyme-DNA complex and binding parameters. Enzyme-DNA complex shows at least two binding sites for divalent metal ions
Ca2+
-
activates
Ca2+
-
activates the enzyme
Cd2+
-
activates
Co2+
-
Co(II) can substitute for zinc in erythrocytes
Co2+
-
Co2+ binds at zinc site
Co2+
-
27% stimulation of activity
Co2+
-
the Co ion can stably substitute the native cofactor Mn ion
Co2+
-
activates
copper
-
2 CuZn-type constitutively expressed enzymes plus one induced by exposure of animals to copper
copper
Radix lethospermi
-
-
copper
-
1 atom per subunit
copper
-
coexpression with yeast copper chaperone, copper supplement of medium, about 1 atom per subunit
copper
-
-
copper
-
peculiar axial geometry of copper active sitewith low accessibility to external chelating agents
copper
0.68 mol per mol of subunit
copper
recombinant enzyme, 0.9 mol per mol of subunit, native enzyme, 0.86 mol per mol of subunit
copper
-
wild-type, 0.98 atoms per subunit, mutant H43R, 1.42, mutant A4V, 1.06 atoms per subunit
Cu
-
a Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
Cu
extracellular CuZnSOD
Cu
-
a Cu/Zn-SOD
Cu
-
a Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase
Cu
-
a Cu-Zn SOD, activates
Cu2+
-
heart: 1.64 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme, erythrocyte: 1.84 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
no copper
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
1.1 mol per mol of Cu,Zn-SOD
Cu2+
-
-
Cu2+
-
1 gatom per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
1.63-1.78 mol per mol of isoenzyme I; 1.86-1.97 mol per mol of isoenzyme II
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
1.7 mol per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
SOD-1, SOD-2 and SOD-4
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
mitochondrial cyanide-sensitive enzyme
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
-
1 gatom per mol of enzyme
Cu2+
Anas platyrhynchos domestica
-
-
Cu2+
-
extracellular EC-SOD with Cu,Zn-SOD activity
Cu2+
-
Cu,Zn-SOD mutant H63C
Cu2+
-
a Cu,ZnSOD
Cu2+
-
the concentration of enzyme bound Cu2+ is 1.63 mg/l, the enzyme catalyzes the disproportionation of superoxide via its Cu ion redox cycle [Cu-(II)/Cu(I)], replacement of natural cofactor Cu2+ by isotopically enriched 65Cu, method, overview
Cu2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Cu2+
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Cu2+
isozyme Cu/Zn-SOD, the highly conserved histidine residues H47, H49, H64, H72, H81, and H121 are involved in the interaction with the metallic cofactors, which are essential for activity and folding in all the Sod1 enzymes, D84 is also involve in Cu2+ binding
Cu2+
-
isozyme Cu/Zn-SOD
Cu2+
-
isozyme Cu/Zn-SOD
Cu2+
-
a CuZn-SOD
Cu2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Cu2+
-
a Cu,ZnSOD
Cu2+
-
a Cu,ZnSOD with 1.07 Cu2+ per enzyme subunit, binding structure, position of Cu2+ in the Zn2+-deficient enzyme A chain active site, overview, physiologic function in Cu,Zn-SOD, overview
Cu2+
the residues His47, His49, His64, His72, His81, and Asp121 are involved in metal binding
Cu2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Cu2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Cu2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
-
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase; a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
-
activates by 16% at 10 mM
Cu2+
-
an intracellular Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase. The enzyme amino acid sequence contains several highly conserved motifs including Cu/Zn ions binding sites, i.e. His46, His48, His63, and His120 for Cu2+ binding
Cu2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
7 isozymes of CuZnSOD
Cu2+
a Cu/Zn SOD, 0.83 ng atom Cu per mg protein
Cu2+
a Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
-
activates
Cu2+
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase; a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase; a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
Cu2+
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase, residues H46, H48, H63, and H119 are involved in Cu2+ binding
Cu2+
-
activates slightly at 0.5-1.0 mM
Cu2+
a Cu/Zn-SOD, the enzyme contains 1.54 mg/l copper atoms, and 0.239 mol Cu2+ per mol of enzyme
Fe
-
the recombinant SOD binds either Fe or Mn as a metal co-factor, with a consistent preference for Fe accommodation. But differently from the significant preference for Fe displays by the enzyme in the binding reaction, its Mn-form is 71fold more active compared to the Fe-form
Fe
-
cognate metal ions Mn, Fe, and Co can effectively occupy the metal site of superoxide dismutase, respectively. MnSOD exhibits the highest SOD activity of 8600 U/mg, while Fe-sub-MnSOD shows only 800 U/mg, and Co-sub-MnSOD does not have any detectable activity. Thermodynamic stability decreases in the order Co-sub-MnSOD, MnSOD, Fe-sub-MnSOD
Fe2+
-
iron-SOD variant
Fe2+
Fe/Mn-type SOD, the Fe-type enzyme contains Gln85
Fe2+
-
the homodimeric enzyme contains 0.7 atom of iron per subunit
Fe2+
Fe/Mn-type SOD
Fe2+
-
bound by His33, His84, His174, and Asp170, coordination in the active site, overview
Fe2+
-
Fe-type SOD, helices alpha1 and alpha2 contribute one metal ligand each, i.e. His33 and His84, binding structure, the iron is ligated by Nepsilon2 of His33, His84 and His174, by Odelta1 of Asp170, and a solvent molecule forming a distorted trigonal bipyramidal coordination sphere, overview
Fe2+
-
Fe-SOD contains 1 Fe2+ per subunit
Fe2+
Rhodothermus sp.
-
a Fe-SOD
Fe2+
-
a Fe,Mn-SOD, the purified enzyme contains 1.1 g-atom of Fe per mol enzyme
Fe2+
all isozymes in the organism are FeSODs; all isozymes in the organism are FeSODs; all isozymes in the organism are FeSODs
Fe2+
-
FeSOD isozymes
Fe2+
-
the enzyme is an iron SOD with 0.9 Fe/subunit
Fe2+
-
the SOD is active with Fe2+ and Mn2+, Fe2+ activates 6fold, binding structure, overview
Fe2+
the purified apoprotein can be reconstituted with either Mn2+ or Fe2+ by heating the protein with the appropriate metal salt at 95C. Both Mn- and Fe-reconstituted enzyme exhibits superoxide dismutase activity, with the Mn-containing enzyme having the higher activity
Fe2+
a Fe-SOD, the enzyme is able to bind various bivalent metals in the active site; presence of 0.25 Fe atom and 0.01 Mn atom per monomer of protein
Fe2+
Fe-SOD, 0.41 atom of Fe per SOD subunit
Fe2+
-
the Fe ion can stably substitute the native cofactor Mn ion
Fe2+
native enzyme from aerobically-grown cells grown in standard medium contains 0.55 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit. Native enzyme from aerobically-grown cells grown in medium supplemented with manganese contains less than 0.01 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit. Native enzyme from aerobically-grown cells grown in medium supplemented with iron contains 0.01 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit. Native enzyme from anaerobically-grown cells grown in standard medium contains 0.43 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit. Recombinant apo-enzyme contains less than 0.01 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit. Mn2+-reconstituted recombinant enzyme contains less than 0.01 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit. Fe2+-reconstituted recombinant enzyme contains 0.76 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit. The recombinant protein has little activity due to the lack of metal incorporation. Reconstitution of the enzyme by heat treatment with either Mn2+ or Fe2+ yields a highly active protein
Fe2+
-
the enzyme contains both Mn and Fe. It is cambialistic, i.e. active with either Fe2+ or Mn2+. The specific activities were 906 U/mg with Mn2+ and 175 U/mg with Fe2+
Fe2+
the enzyme is active with either Fe(II) or Mn(II) as a cofactor. The recombinant enzyme is produced in Escherichia coli expressed as an apoprotein. This apoprotein shows no SOD activity. The recombinant is activated with Fe(NH4)2(SO4)2 and MnSO4 salts at elevated temperature. The Fe-reconstituted enzyme contains 0.79 atom of iron per subunit
Fe2+
a cambialistic Fe/Mn-superoxide dismutase, 0.56 g-atom per mol of enzyme
Fe2+
a cambialistic Mn/Fe-SOD
Fe2+
a Mn-Fe-SOD; a Mn-Fe-SOD; a Mn-Fe-SOD
Fe2+
-
activates the enzyme
Fe2+
-
a Fe-SOD
Iron
-
1.8-1.9 mol (gatoms) per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.8-1.9 mol (gatoms) per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
0.9 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme; 2.0 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
2.0 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicum
-
-
Iron
-
contains no iron
Iron
-
accepts iron and/or manganese as cofactor
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.8-1.9 mol (gatoms) per mol of enzyme; each Fe3+ ion has 2 coordination positions available for interaction with solute molecules but only 1 is necessary for catalysis
Iron
-
1.6 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme; 2.0 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
-
1.0-1.45 mol per mol of enzyme
Iron
0.4 mol per mol of mn-SOD
Iron
0.5-1.0 atom Fe2+ per subunit
Iron
-
0.24 mol Fe2+ per mol of subunit
Iron
30% of the activity with manganese
Iron
-
1 atom per subunit
Iron
-
no change in the geometry of the FeII site occurs over a wide pH range
Iron
-
0.35 mol per mol of subunit, required both for activity and stability of enzyme tetramer
Iron
spectroscopic analysis of reduced and oxidized state of iron. In oxidized state, formation of a six-coordinate complex occurs. Two substrate analogues F- can bind to the oxidized enzymes active site
Iron
-
1.1 mol per mol of subunit
Iron
0.75 atoms per subunit
Iron
-
when mitochondrial iron homeostasis is disrupted, iron accumulates in a reactive form and competes with manganese, inactivating the enzyme. The ability to control the iron pool within mitochondria is critical to maintaining enzyme activity
Iron
0.3 atoms of iron/manganese in ratio 2:1 per subunit
Iron
-
iron-superoxide dismutase, FeSOD, encoded by gene sodB
Iron
-
Fe-type SodB
Iron
-
contains one iron atom per dimer, the protein contains a mononuclear iron center
Iron
the enzyme is a tetramer with 4 iron centers, one iron per monomer
Iron
contains 1 mol iron per mol of enzyme, but no manganese
Iron
-
contains 0.95 atoms of Fe per monomer
Manganese
most effcient metal ion
Manganese
-
less than 0.1 mol per mol of subunit
Manganese
-
kinetic study on metal binding mechanism. Apo-enzyme metallation kinetics are gated, zero order in metal ion for both native Mn2+ and nonnative Co2+. Cobalt-binding reveals two exponential kinetic processes. Sensitivity of metallated protein to exogenously added chelator decreases with time, consistent with annealing of an initially formed metalloprotein complex
Manganese
0.3 atoms of iron/manganese in ratio 2:1 per subunit
Manganese
analysis of manganese(II) high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum. In the -248C to -73C range, the zero-field interaction steadily decreases with increasing temperature. Above -33C, a distinct six-line component is detected derived from a hexacoordinate Mn(II) center resulting from coordination of normally five-coordinate Mn(II) by a water molecule. comparison with Mn(II) centers in concanavalin A and R. spheroides photosynthetic center
Manganese
-
mitochondrial localization is essential for insertion of manganese to protein. Insertion is only possible with a newly synthesized polypeptide and seems to be driven by the protein unfolding process associated with mitochondrial import
Manganese
putatively coordinated by H27, H81, D167, H171
Manganese
-
manganese-superoxide dismutase, MnSOD, encoded by gene sodA
Manganese
-
Mn-type SodA
Manganese
-
when the Deinococcus radiodurans Mn2+SOD reacts with a substoichiometric amount of superoxide, Deinococcus radiodurans Mn3+SOD is produced
Manganese
-
a MnSOD
Mg2+
-
73% stimulation of activity
Mg2+
-
up to 48% activation
Mg2+
-
study on affinity for enzyme-DNA complex and binding parameters. Enzyme-DNA complex shows at least two binding sites for divalent metal ions
Mn
manganese superoxide dismutase; manganese superoxide dismutase
Mn
manganese superoxide dismutase; manganese superoxide dismutase
Mn
manganese superoxide dismutase; manganese superoxide dismutase
Mn
cytosolic MnSOD isozymes, Mn binding sequence is DVWHHAYY; mitochondrial MnSOD isozymes, Mn binding sequence is DVWHHAYY
Mn
a manganese superoxide dismutase, contains 0.00246 mg Mn/mg protein, binding involves conserved residues H88, H136, D222, and H226
Mn
-
a Mn-SOD
Mn
-
the recombinant SOD binds either Fe or Mn as a metal co-factor, with a consistent preference for Fe accommodation. But differently from the significant preference for Fe displays by the enzyme in the binding reaction, its Mn-form is 71fold more active compared to the Fe-form
Mn
-
cognate metal ions Mn, Fe, and Co can effectively occupy the metal site of superoxide dismutase, respectively. MnSOD exhibits the highest SOD activity of 8600 U/mg, while Fe-sub-MnSOD shows only 800 U/mg, and Co-sub-MnSOD does not have any detectable activity. Thermodynamic stability decreases in the order Co-sub-MnSOD, MnSOD, Fe-sub-MnSOD
Mn2+
-
contains no manganese
Mn2+
-
isoform I, 1.85 atoms manganese per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
0.05 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1.2-1.8 mol per mol of Mn-SOD
Mn2+
-
0.22 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
2.2 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1.5 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1.7 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
4 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1.22 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
-
Mn2+
-
contains no manganese
Mn2+
-
accepts iron and/or manganese as cofactor
Mn2+
-
0.5 mol per mol of subunit
Mn2+
-
1.2-1.8 mol per mol of Mn-SOD
Mn2+
-
3.69 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1 atom per subunit
Mn2+
-
2 atoms of manganese per molecule
Mn2+
-
1.22 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1.1 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
2 atoms of manganese per molecule
Mn2+
-
1 atom per subunit
Mn2+
-
less than 0.2 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
0.9 Mn per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
1.1 mol per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
-
0.89 mol per mol of liver Mn-SOD
Mn2+
-
0.75 mol per mol of subunit; accepts iron and/or manganese as cofactor
Mn2+
-
0.5 mol per mol of subunit; specific for
Mn2+
-
1 atom per subunit
Mn2+
-
study on affinity for enzyme-DNA complex and binding parameters. Enzyme-DNA complex shows at least two binding sites for divalent metal ions
Mn2+
-
manganese-SOD variant
Mn2+
Fe/Mn-type SOD, the Mn-type enzyme contains Gly85
Mn2+
Fe/Mn-type SOD
Mn2+
-
isozyme Mn-SOD
Mn2+
-
a Mn-SOD
Mn2+
isozyme MnSOD2, encoded by gene sodA-2; Mn-SOD isozyme MnSOD1, encoded by gene sodA-1, MnSOD1 is expressed at lower level compared to MnSOD2
Mn2+
-
isozyme SODI is a Mn-SOD
Mn2+
-
a Fe,Mn-SOD, the purified enzyme contains 0.7 g-atom of Mn per mol enzyme
Mn2+
-
a Mn-SOD
Mn2+
a MnSOD, activates, binding sequence is DVWEHAYY
Mn2+
-
0.00205 mg/mg of protein
Mn2+
-
MnSOD isozymes
Mn2+
a manganese-containing superoxide dismutase
Mn2+
-
activates by 12% at 10 mM, Mn-containing superoxide dismutase
Mn2+
-
the SOD is active with Fe2+ and Mn2+, Mn2+ activates 20fold, binding structure, overview
Mn2+
-
MnSOD
Mn2+
1 isozyme of MnSOD
Mn2+
the purified apoprotein can be reconstituted with either Mn2+ or Fe2+ by heating the protein with the appropriate metal salt at 95C. Both Mn- and Fe-reconstituted enzyme exhibits superoxide dismutase activity, with the Mn-containing enzyme having the higher activity
Mn2+
presence of 0.25 Fe atom and 0.01 Mn atom per monomer of protein
Mn2+
manganese superoxide dismutase
Mn2+
-
the enzyme selectively chooses the Mn ion as its native cofactor, although Co and Fe ions can stably substitute the Mn ion
Mn2+
-
MnSOD, the Mn ion is the only metal cofactor, 0.57 atom per polypeptide chain
Mn2+
a Mn-superoxide dismutase, conserved manganese-binding site residues are H28, H83, D165, and H169
Mn2+
native enzyme from aerobically-grown cells grown in standard medium contains 0.55 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit. Native enzyme from aerobically-grown cells grown in medium supplemented with manganese contains 0.86 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit. Native enzyme from aerobically-grown cells grown in medium supplemented with iron contains 0.68 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit. Native enzyme from anaerobically-grown cells grown in standard medium contains 0.08 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit. Recombinant apoenzyme contains less than 0.01 mol Mn2+ per m,ol of subunit. Mn2+-reconstituted recombinant enzyme contains 0.86 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit. Fe2+-reconstituted recombinant enzyme contains less than 0.01 mol Mn2+ per mol of subunit.The recombinant protein has little activity due to the lack of metal incorporation. Reconstitution of the enzyme by heat treatment with either Mn2+ or Fe2+ yields a highly active protein
Mn2+
-
the enzyme contains both Mn and Fe. It is cambialistic, i.e. active with either Fe2+ or Mn2+. The specific activities were 906 U/mg with Mn2+ and 175 U/mg with Fe2+
Mn2+
the enzyme is active with either Fe(II) or Mn(II) as a cofactor. The recombinant enzyme is produced in Escherichia coli expressed as an apoprotein. This apoprotein shows no SOD activity. The recombinant is activated with Fe(NH4)2(SO4)2 and MnSO4 salts at elevated temperature. The Mn-reconstituted enzyme contains 0.82 atom of manganese per subunit
Mn2+
a cambialistic Fe/Mn-superoxide dismutase, 1.12 g-atom per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
a cambialistic Mn/Fe-SOD
Mn2+
a Mn-Fe-SOD; a Mn-Fe-SOD; a Mn-Fe-SOD
Mn2+
-
a Mn-SOD
Zinc
-
2 CuZn-type constitutively expressed enzymes plus one induced by exposure of animals to copper
Zinc
Radix lethospermi
-
-
Zinc
-
0.5 atoms per subunit
Zinc
-
-
Zinc
-
-
Zinc
1.02 mol per mol of subunit
Zinc
recombinant enzyme, 0.51 mol per mol of subunit, native enzyme, 1.01 mol per mol of subunit
Zinc
-
wild-type, 1.08 atoms per subunit, mutant H43R, 1.11, mutant A4V, 1.43 atoms per subunit
Zn
-
in solution, 1 mol per mol of protein. In crystal, a second Zn is bound at the interface between the two enzyme molecules leading to the formation of covalently bound enzyme dimers
Zn
-
a Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
Zn
extracellular CuZnSOD
Zn
-
a Cu/Zn-SOD
Zn
-
a Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase
Zn
-
a Cu-Zn SOD
Zn2+
-
1.8 mol of Zn per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
no zinc
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
0.6-0.7 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2.2 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
1.5 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
0.6-0.7 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
1.2 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
1.0 gatom per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
-
Zn2+
-
1.3 mol per mol of Cu,Zn-SOD
Zn2+
-
-
Zn2+
-
1.0 gatom per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
1.34-1.81 mol per mol of isoenzyme I; 1.9-20.0 mol per mol of isoenzyme II
Zn2+
-
1.6 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
1.8 mol of Zn per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
0.5 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
SOD-1, SOD-2 and SOD-4
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme; mitochondrial cyanide-sensitive enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
0.2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
2 mol of Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
0.2 mol of Cu per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
1.8 mol of Zn per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
-
0.85 mol per mol of enzyme
Zn2+
Anas platyrhynchos domestica
-
-
Zn2+
-
extracellular EC-SOD with Cu,Zn-SOD activity
Zn2+
-
a Cu,ZnSOD
Zn2+
-
the concentration of enzyme bound Zn2+ is 1.68 mg/l, the Zn ion plays a structural role, replacement of natural cofactor Zn2+ by isotopically enriched 68Zn, method, overview
Zn2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Zn2+
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Zn2+
isozyme Cu/Zn-SOD, the highly conserved histidine residues H47, H49, H64, H72, H81, and H121 are involved in the interaction with the metallic cofactors, which are essential for activity and folding in all the Sod1 enzymes
Zn2+
-
isozyme Cu/Zn-SOD
Zn2+
-
isozyme Cu/Zn-SOD
Zn2+
-
a CuZn-SOD
Zn2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Zn2+
-
a Cu,ZnSOD
Zn2+
-
a Cu,ZnSOD with 1.18 Zn2+ per enzyme subunit, binding structure, overview
Zn2+
the residues His47, His49, His64, His72, His81, and Asp121 are involved in metal binding
Zn2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Zn2+
-
a Cu,Zn-SOD
Zn2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
-
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase; a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
-
activates by 48% at 10 mM
Zn2+
-
an intracellular Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase. The enzyme amino acid sequence contains several highly conserved motifs including Cu/Zn ions binding sites, i.e. His63, His71, His80, and Asp83 for Zn2+ binding
Zn2+
-
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
a CuZn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
7 isozymes of CuZnSOD
Zn2+
a Cu/Zn SOD, 0.41 ng atom Zn per mg protein
Zn2+
a Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
-
activates
Zn2+
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase; a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase; a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase
Zn2+
a Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase, residues H63, H71, H80, and D83 are involved in Zn2+ binding
Zn2+
-
activates slightly at 0.5-1.0 mM
Zn2+
a Cu/Zn-SOD, the enzyme contains 1.71 mg/l zinc atoms, 0.258 mol Zn2+ per mol of enzyme
Mn2+
Geobacillus sp.
a Mn-SOD, Mn2+ activates, the manganese-binding site is formed by conserved residues His260, His308, Asp392, and His396
additional information
-
enzyme from eukaryotes contains both copper and zinc, enzymes from most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron; overview: metal content
additional information
-
enzyme from eukaryotes contains both copper and zinc, enzymes from most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron; overview: metal content
additional information
-
enzyme from eukaryotes contains both copper and zinc, enzymes from most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron; overview: metal content
additional information
-
enzyme from eukaryotes contains both copper and zinc, enzymes from most prokaryotes contain manganese or iron; overview: metal content
additional information
-
metal content of the enzyme depends on the growth condition: anaerobic culture condition promote a higher Fe-content, aerobic conditions promote a higher Mn-content
additional information
-
Cu2+-binding site
additional information
-
relevance of the zinc imidazolate bond to the redox properties
additional information
-
role of copper and zinc in protein conformation and activity
additional information
-
Cu2+ is not necessarily required
additional information
-
Cu2+ and Zn2+ binding sites are very close to each other
additional information
Mn-SOD contains as well Fe3+, but is only active with manganese
additional information
-
no effect: Cu2+, Ca2+
additional information
-
no effect: Cu2+, Co2+, Ca2+
additional information
protein contains no manganese
additional information
metal content analysis of the recombinant enzyme
additional information
-
quantitative determination of an isotopically enriched metalloenzyme containing two different metal isotopes, method development, overview
additional information
-
the enzyme contains 7 metal binding sites
additional information
the enzyme contains 6 metal binding sites
additional information
no MnSOD and Cu/ZnSOD in Crypthecodinium cohnii; no MnSOD and Cu/ZnSOD in Crypthecodinium cohnii; no MnSOD and Cu/ZnSOD in Crypthecodinium cohnii
additional information
-
the enzyme contains no iron
additional information
-
the purified enzyme contains no Fe
additional information
-
different values of the Mn/Fe ratio in the active site prove that the type of metal is crucial for the regulation of the activity of recombinant SmSOD
additional information
the enzyme contains no copper, zinc, or manganese
additional information
iron, manganese, and nickel contents are below the detection level
additional information
-
Co-sub-MnSOD does not have any detectable activity. Thermodynamic stability decreases in the order Co-sub-MnSOD, MnSOD, Fe-sub-MnSOD; the enzyme selectively chooses the Mn ion as its native cofactor, although Co and Fe ions can stably substitute the Mn ion. Molecular mechanism and structural basis of the metal specificity, preparation of Mn-superoxide dismutase, Fe-Mn-superoxide dismutase, and Co-Mn-superoxide dismutase, the cognate metal characters tuned by the metal microenvironment dominate the metal specificity of the enzyme, overview. The H-bond between Gln178 and Tyr64 in Mn-superoxide dismutase is stronger than that in Fe-Mn-superoxide dismutase, while the coupling between Gln178 and the coordinated solvent of Mn-superoxide dismutase is weaker than that of Fe-Mn-superoxide dismutase. In the oxidized Fe-Mn-superoxide dismutase, tight coupling between Gln178 and the coordination hydroxyl may reduce its redox potential and thus impact its catalytic activity
additional information
binding ligands: His27, His74, Asp157 and His161 in SodB; binding ligands: His27, His82, Asp169 and His173 in SodA
additional information
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no evidence for the presence of either iron or copper/zinc SODs in Phytophthora cinnamomi
additional information
Geobacillus sp.
no enzyme activity with Fe2+-reconstituted enzyme
INHIBITORS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonate
-
0.5 M, pH 9.0, 25C, native wild-type enzyme: half-life 3.5 min, recombinant wild-type enzyme: half-life: 5.1 min, recombinant mutant H30A: half-life 5.5 min, recombinant mutant K170R half-life 101 min
2-mercaptoethanol
gradual inhibition by increasing concentration of 2-mercaptoethanol, 20% inhibition at 2 mM, 36% at 16 mM
2-mercaptoethanol
-
15% inhibition
2-mercaptoethanol
Geobacillus sp.
-
2-mercaptoethanol
8 mM, slight inhibition
4-chloromercuribenzoate
-
26.6% inhibition at 1 mM
5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate)
-
Mn-SOD
amiodarone
-
-
amitriptyline
-
-
azide
Mn2+-reconstituted recombinant enzyme and Fe2+-reconstututed recombinant enzyme displays relatively strong resistance against azide. Mn2+- and Fe2+-reconstituted activity decreases 50% with 380 and 340 mM azide, respectively
Ba2+
Geobacillus sp.
inhibitory at 1 mM
beta-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonic acid
-
-
Ca2+
Geobacillus sp.
inhibitory at 1 mM
CHAPS
Geobacillus sp.
-
chloride
-
-
Chloroform
-
Mn-SOD
chloroform-ethanol
the Mn- and Fe-SODs of Yrsinia enterocolitica are inhibited by chloroform:ethanol solution; the Mn- and Fe-SODs of Yrsinia enterocolitica are inhibited by chloroform:ethanol solution; the Mn- and Fe-SODs of Yrsinia enterocolitica are inhibited by chloroform:ethanol solution
-
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicum
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
CN-
-
slight inhibition, Mn-SOD
CN-
-
extracellular enzyme
CN-
-
Cu,Zn-SOD; no inhibition Mn-SOD
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
SOD-2 and SOD-4 inhibited, SOD-3 not inhibited
CN-
-
contains a cyanide-sensitive enzyme in cytosol and mitochondrial intermembrane space and one cyanide-insensitive enzyme in mitochondrial matrix; Cu,Zn-SOD; no inhibition Mn-SOD
CN-
-
no inhibition Mn-SOD
CN-
-
at 1-3 mM, complete inhibition; Cu,Zn-SOD
CN-
-
no inhibition
CN-
-
no inhibition Mn-SOD
CN-
slight inhibition, Mn-SOD
CN-
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
CN-
-
no inhibition: Fe-SOD
CN-
-
no inhibition Mn-SOD
Co2+
-
inhibits by 25% at 10 mM
Co2+
Geobacillus sp.
inhibitory at 1 mM
concanavalin A
-
inhibition in vivo and in vitro, essentially dependent on calcium chloride
-
Cu2+
-
slight inhibition at 1.0-5.0 mM
Cu2+
Geobacillus sp.
50% inhibition at 1 mM
cyanide
Radix lethospermi
-
-
cyanide
-
the isoenzyme Cu/Zn-SOD is cyanide-sensitive, while the Mn-SOD is not
cyanide
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
cyanide
-
-
diethyl dicarbonate
-
at 2.5 mM
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
slightly
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
strong inhibition, extracellular enzyme
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
Mn-SOD; slightly
diethyldithiocarbamate
complete inhibition, Cu,Zn-SOD
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
copper-chelator, wild-type and mutant Cu,Zn-SOD
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
inhibits recombinant Cu,Zn-SOD, at 0.05-0.1 mM inactivation occurs gradually within 1 h
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
causes decline of the enzyme in various tissues after intraperitoneal injection, alpha-tocopherol feeding prior to application of diethyldithiocarbamate leads to reduced inhibition of the enzyme
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
diethyldithiocarbamate
inhibits SodC specifically
diethyldithiocarbamate
-
40% inhibition
dithiothreitol
Geobacillus sp.
-
DTPA
-
i.e. diethylenetriamine-N,N,N,N,N-pentaacetic acid, inhibits the reductive decomposition of S-nitroso-L-glutathione catalyzed by superoxide dismutase by binding to the solvent-exposed active-site copper of one subunit without removing it. The resulting conformational change at the second active site inhibits the S-nitroso-L-glutathione reductase but not superoxide dismutase activity
EDTA
-
Mn-SOD; slightly
EDTA
-
no inhibition
EDTA
no inhibition
EDTA
Radix lethospermi
-
2 mM, 18% inhibition
EDTA
-
i.e. diethylenediamine-N,N,N,N-tetraacetic acid, inhibits the reductive decomposition of S-nitroso-L-glutathione catalyzed by superoxide dismutase by binding to the solvent-exposed active-site copper of one subunit without removing it. The resulting conformational change at the second active site inhibits the S-nitroso-L-glutathione reductase but not superoxide dismutase activity
EDTA
Marinomonas sp.
-
slight inhibition
EDTA
-
66% inhibition at 1 mM
EDTA
-
inhibition is reversible by Cu and Zn
EDTA
gradual inhibition by increasing concentration of EDTA
EDTA
Geobacillus sp.
strong inhibition at 10 mM
EDTA
at 16 mM
EGTA
Marinomonas sp.
-
slight inhibition
ethanol
-
Mn-SOD
Fe2+
-
inhibits by 44% at 10 mM
Fe2+
Geobacillus sp.
inhibitory at 1 mM
fluoride
-
Fe-SOD
fluoride
recombinant Fe-reconstituted SOD
formate
-
-
guanidine hydrochloride
Geobacillus sp.
-
Guanidinium chloride
-
Mn-SOD, 70% inhibition at 1 mM
guanidinium hydrochloride
-
up to 50% inhibition
guanidinium hydrochloride
69% inhibition at 6 M
guanidinium hydrochloride
6 M, slight inhibition
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD; no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD; no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD; no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD; no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicum
-
no inhibition: Fe-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Fe-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
extracellular enzyme, rapidly
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
SOD-2 and SOD-4 inhibited, SOD-3 not
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
Fe-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
complete inhibition; Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
Cu,Zn-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Fe-SOD; no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
no inhibition: Mn-SOD
H2O2
-
50 mM, 100% inhibition